Posts Tagged ‘journalists



16
Set
08

Os professores de jornalismo dizem o que os alunos precisam de saber | Journalism teachers tell what students need to know

Vodpod videos no longer available.

Rosental Alves, director of the Knight Center for Journalism in the Americas at the University of Texas in Austin

Durante o ONA, Alfred Hermida pegou no seu N95 e perguntou as professores presentes o que é que eles precisam de ensinar para formar novos jornalistas.

Robert Scoble, Rosental Alves – o orientador do workshop de Jornalismo Online a que assisti em Junho (sim, eu vou continuar a falar disto porque foi mesmo bom) –   e outros deixam a sua opinião sobre o que é necessário que os estudantes de Jornalismo sejam e aprendam.

Vejam todos os videos aqui.

During ONA, Alfred Hermida took his N95 and asked around to the  teachers present at the event about what they have to teach to grad journo students.

Robert Scoble, Rosental Alves – the professor at the Online Journalism workshop i attended last June (yes, i’ll keep on referring to it because it was really damn good)- and others leave their opinion about what journalism students need to learn and to be.

Watch all videos here.

The advice for graduates was that they need journalism plus a new set of skills. The basics of journalism — curiosity, passion, accuracy, serving the public interest — were still important. But journalist students also need to learn about how the digital revolution has changed, and continues to change, the media.

This involves understanding how people are consuming media and how content flows online, as well as being aware of the importance of community and the conversation taking place online. Teaching journalism has become “journalism…plus” as Robert Scoble says below.

Journalism Grads Need Basic Skills Plus Openness, Flexibility by Alfred Hermida

Continue a ler ‘Os professores de jornalismo dizem o que os alunos precisam de saber | Journalism teachers tell what students need to know’

11
Set
08

Ferramentas online para jornalistas | Online tools for journalists

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Ferramentas do negócio | Tools of the trade

Que ferramentas online usam no vosso dia a dia como jornalistas? São suficientes e as mais eficientes? Permitem colaborações externas?  Podem ser usadas a partir de qualquer lado? E mais importante ainda: facilitam e melhoram o vosso trabalho?

Alfred Hermida criou uma lista para os seus alunos com as 31 melhores aplicações para jornalistas.

Which online  tools do you use in your daily work as journalists? Are they enough and the most efficient? Do they allow external collaborations? Can they be used from any computer? And most  important even: do they improve and make your work easier?

Alfred Hermida set up a list for his students with the 31 best apps for journalists.

As part of the iJournalism class I teach at the UBC j-school, I hold a session on online tools for journalists.

What is striking is how much these tools have developed in the past year.

Some fall by the wayside and new ones spring up, such as sites that mine social network sites for personal information.

31 essential online tools for journalists

Continue a ler ‘Ferramentas online para jornalistas | Online tools for journalists’

10
Set
08

Mapa de jornalistas Freelance | Freelance journalists Map

O freelance, where art thou?

O freelance, where art thou?

O Journalism.co.uk criou um mapa para freelancers. Basta só chegarem ao site, inscreverem-se e criar o vosso perfil. Mas só estão realmente no mapa se membros pagantes da directoria freelance do Journalism.co.uk.

Eu estou a pensar fazer um igual, de borla, para Portugal. Há interessados?

Journalism.co.uk created a map for freelancers. All you have to do is go to their site, sign up and create your profile. But you’ll only be on the map if you’re a paid-up member of Journalism.co.uk’s freelance directory.

I’m thinking about doing the same thing for Portuguese freelancers only, for free. Anyone interested?

“In this online and news-hungry world with rolling deadlines, location is both less significant and more significant for freelancers. Less significant, because it’s much easier to be found by and to work for clients anywhere in the world; more significant, because location can be key for breaking news or stories that are local to the freelancer,” said John Thompson, publisher of Journalism.co.uk.

Journalism.co.uk builds listing maps for freelance journalists

Continue a ler ‘Mapa de jornalistas Freelance | Freelance journalists Map’

05
Set
08

EUROPEAN YOUTH MEDIA DAYS 2008

Querem ir a Bruxelas para um encontro de jovens jornalistas? Se têm entre 18 e 30 anos então inscrevam-se. O encontro é de 15 a 17 de Outubro e tem um programa muito bom. O prazo para se inscreverem é dia 24 de Setembro.

Do you want to go to Brussels for young journalists meeting? If you are between 18 and 30 years old then sign up. It will be from the October 15th to the 17th, and it has a great programme. The deadline for applications is September 24th.


LIVE FROM THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT. YOUTH REPORTING.

NEXT GENERATION OF JOURNALISTS MEETS IN BRUSSELS

From 15 to 17 October 2008, 200 young journalists from across the European Union will gather at the European Youth Media Days for high-ranking debates and hands-on media production. Application until 24 September 2008 at http://www.youthmediadays.eu.

Brussels, 4 September 2008 – New media, open minds and challenging ideas. From 15 to 17 October 2008, the next generation of European journalists meets at the European Parliament in Brussels for the second European Youth Media Days. Hosted by the European Parliament and organised with the support of the European Youth Press, the gathering of 200 emerging journalists promotes a broad discussion and networking on European issues, confronting and provoking with diverse perspectives and realities.

This year’s Media Days programme emphasises the need to bridge national borders in media in order to create a European public and political sphere. To meet these aims, participants will discuss with speakers such as European Parliament President Hans-Gert Pöttering, the Chairpersons of the Parliament’s political groups, and European media correspondents.

Young people interested in European media and politics, journalism students or young professionals living in one of the 27 EU countries (or being an EU national abroad) can apply until 24 September 2008 at http://www.youthmediadays.eu.

Press Release

Continue a ler ‘EUROPEAN YOUTH MEDIA DAYS 2008’

01
Set
08

Bloggers e a grande baleia branca dos direitos dos jornalistas | Bloggers and the great white whale of journalist’s rights

Rights under article 10 of the European convention on human rights, which protects free speech, are always asserted and journalists rely on the Contempt of Court Act 1981, which prevents an order for disclosure being made unless it is “necessary in the interest of justice or national security or for the prevention of disorder or crime”. But at this point in the discussion we hit a stumbling block. Who is a journalist in an era of mass self-publishing?

The answer matters because case law tends to talk in terms of freedom of the press and journalistic privilege rather than everyone’s privilege. “Protection of journalistic sources is one of the basic conditions for press freedom,” said the European court of human rights in the Goodwin case 12 years ago. “Without such protection, sources may be deterred from assisting the press in informing the public in matters of public interest. As a result the vital watchdog role of the press may be undermined.” While this holds true, the task of ensuring the free flow of information is no longer the sole preserve of journalists.

Siobhain Butterworth , Open door

Editorial 1 Setembro | September 1st 2008 – The Guardian

Deverão – ou poderão -os bloggers ter os mesmos direitos e responsabilidades que os jornalistas? Esta questão tem causado bastante discussão e é abordada no editorial de hoje do The Guardian.

A verdade é que os bloggers podem , ou não, ser  jornalistas, mas são por si só um canal de informação. As instituições começam a aperceber-se disso na sua promoção: a recente convenção democrata em Denver atribuiu um número recorde de credenciais a bloggers; empresas de tecnologia há muito que enviam produtos para serem testados e criticados em blogs especializados; convidam-se bloggers para festas para promover empresas.

E porquê? Porque têm por vezes um público que ultrapassa os meios tradicionais, não em números mas em especificidade. São os nichos que contam. Mas quando o trabalho que fazem é igual ao jornalístico, qual é a sua protecção e quais são os seus deveres?

Para se ser  considerado como jornalista, em muitas partes do mundo é preciso uma carteira profissional, atribuída por uma entidade independente (de preferência). Eu, pessoalmente, acho isto inútil em vários pontos, mas é para outro post que já ando a adiar há algum tempo.O titular desta certificação está sob várias restrições e liberdades que lhe permitem exercer a sua actividade dentro de um código de conduta.

Idealmente, pois basta abrir um jornal ou ver os noticiários e vemos que não é bem assim. Por incompetência, agenda pessoal, ou pressão empresarial ou corporativa, manda-se o código às urtigas, e ou se é irresponsável pela criação de conteúdos, ou, ainda mais assustador, pelo silêncio.

Os bloggers são tão independentes, isentos ou (ir)responsáveis como qualquer jornalista. Mas não estão isentos de ser responsabilizados quando os conteúdos que produzem afectam de forma grave a consciência colectiva e a vida de terceiros.

Mas aqui está a baleia branca- quem é que os protege quando é necessário? O mecanismo legal deveria ser geral e não privilegiando apenas uma classe, ou seja, qualquer um que crie conteúdos deveria estar abrangido por um conjunto de regras único. Até lá, quem escreve jornalisticamente num  blog, sujeita-se. Ao bom e ao mau.

Apesar de alguns privilégios e de existir uma margem de manobra que muitos inteligentemente usam – um jornal confirma e procura validação dos factos, enquanto muitos bloggers libertam informação sem grandes restrições ou confirmações oficiais- também muitas vezes ao difundirem factos verdadeiros são perseguidos, atacados, pressionados. Mas não despedidos.

Um blogger pode ser um jornalista, mas que não está sob a alçada de uma empresa de comunicação, nem sob a protecção de uma associação de classe. Mas têm menos direitos e responsabilidades? Não. Têm os mesmos direitos,responsabilidades, e acredito que por comparação, mais liberdades.

UPDATE- Tinha acabado de postar isto e o António Granado partilhou este post sobre ética jornalística que ajuda a perceber as dificuldades existentes. Foi um blog que começou tudo (assim como noutras situações.)

Should – or could – bloggers have the same rights as journalists? This argument has been going on forever and it is the subject of today’s editorial at The Guardian.

The truth is that bloggers may or may not be journalists, but they are an information channel by themselves. Institutions are becoming aware of that: the recent democrat convention in Denver had a record number of credentialed bloggers; tech compnaies have been for quite some time sending products to be tested and evaluated by specialized blogs; bloggers are invited for companies promotional parties.

And why? Because sometimes their audience surpasses the  traditional media not in number but specificness. It’s the niche that counts. But when  the job they do is the same as  journalists, what protection  and duties they have?

In many countries,   to be considered a journalist one must have a professinal credential, given by an independent entity (preferably). Personally, i think this is useless in several points, but that is for a long delayed post. The holder of this certification is under some restrictions and liberties, that allows him  to carry out his activity within a code of conduct.

Ideally, because you just have to open a newspaper or watch the news to understand that is not really quite like that. Due to incompetence, personal agenda, or management or corporative pressure, you can see how they send the codes to hell, and they’re irresponsible in creating content, or even more frightening, opting for silence.

Bloggers are as independent, unbiased or (ir)responsible as any other journalist. But they’re not exempt of being accounted for the content they create when it affects gravely the collective conscience and the life of others.

But here’s the white whale- who’s protecting them when they need? The legal mechanism sould be general, and not to priviledge just one class of people, which is, anyone that creates content should be under a unique set of rules. Until then, who writes journalistically in a blog is exposed. To good and evil.

In spite of some priviledges and a manoeuvre margin that some cleverly use – a newspaper should check and validate all facts, while many bloggers release information without meaningful restrictions or official confirmations – sometimes when sharing true facts they are harassed, attacked, pressured.Not fired though.

A blogger can be a journalist, but one that is not under the umbrella of a communication company, nor under the protection of a professional guild. But do they have less rights and responsabilities? No. They have those same rights, responsibilities, and i truly believe that by comparison, they have more freedom.

UPDATE- I had just posted this when António Granado shared this post on journalistic ethics, that helps us to understand in practice how hard it is today. It was a blog that started it all (as in other situations.)

Continue a ler ‘Bloggers e a grande baleia branca dos direitos dos jornalistas | Bloggers and the great white whale of journalist’s rights’

08
Jul
08

Profissão: Jornalista; Salário: …pois… | Profession: Journalist; Salary: …er…

Journalism salaries, from payscale.com

Querem ser ricos? Ter carros, casas e férias no estrangeiro? Querem uma profissão que lhes dê tempo livre? Então esqueçam o jornalismo. Já falei que não aconselho ninguém a seguir esta carreira (eu desisti do jornalismo mais do que uma vez, prefiro o termo comunicador) mas se querem ter noção das condições financeiras que esta vida vos traz, leiam este post da Mindy MacAdams.

Em Portugal a situação também não é muito famosa: oferecem-se estágios a 150 euros por mês, as empresas não estão a contratar e andamos a maior parte das vezes a dançar a valsa da precariedade. Eu estou no mercado, e garanto-vos, não está mesmo nada fácil.

Para não ser negativo, e se estão em estágio, leiam este post. O futuro não é para todos.

Do you want to be rich? Own cars, houses and make holidays abroad? Do you want a job that will give lots of free time? Then, forget journalism. I said before i don’t advise anyone to pursue this career (i gave up journalism more than once, i rather prefer the term communicator) but if you want to have an insight about the financial conditions this job might bring you, read this post by Mindy MacAdams.

In Portugal the setting isn’t also very pretty: there internships paying 150 euros per month, companies aren’t hiring and we’re dancing most of the time the waltz of uncertainty. I’m available in the market, and i can assure you all, it doesn’t look good.

So I won’t leave you with a negative perspective, and if you’re during your internship or training, read this post. The future is not for everyone.

Unemployed Graduates in Portugal (highlighted) – Information/Journalism- 1045

Most longtime journalists will tell you: they don’t do it for the money. If you love going to work every day, that’s worth a lot more than having a bunch of knickknacks in your house. (On the other hand, you’ve got to pay the bills, so do your own math.)

So forget about that graduate degree — just go out and start working.

Journalism salaries and careers, Mindy MacAdams

Continue a ler ‘Profissão: Jornalista; Salário: …pois… | Profession: Journalist; Salary: …er…’

01
Jul
08

Contadores de histórias ou fornecedores de informação? | Storytellers or information providers?

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Pat Thornton, o Iconoclasta, questiona se os jornalistas são contadores de histórias ou fornecedores de informação. Ele assume-se claramente como o segundo: “De facto, eu não sou muito bom a contar histórias. Mas posso vos dar muitos factos, números e informação”.

Eu concordo com a ideia de que nem todos os jornalistas sabem contar histórias, e muitas vezes deviam ser impedidos de o fazer. Mas quando se passa tanto tempo a trabalhar com palavras e pessoas, é inevitável que os factos ganhem vida e se transformem numa narrativa não ficcional, ou seja, numa estória. E se adicionarmos imagem e som, tudo isto ganha novas dimensões.

Facto ou fábula? Tudo o que sirva melhor o utilizador, o jornalista e a nossa consciência colectiva. Dar um número em vez de um nome, mostrar uma bandeira em vez de uma cara, uma estatística em vez de uma declaração, é a diferença entre a frieza factual e a humanização das notícias. Eu sei que o Pat Thornton não está a usar uma posição extremista, pelo contrário, ele apela a uma moderação no que se vai fazendo com os novos meios, ainda cheios de armadilhas.

Mas não deixo de sorrir quando ele se refere ao amigo que diz “que não é um jornalista mas um contador de histórias”. Será esse o caminho? E vocês, o que são?

Pat Thornton, the Iconoclast, wonders if journalists are storytellers or information providers. He clearly comes out as the latter: “I’m not very good at telling oral stories. But I can tell you a lot of facts, figures and information.”

I agree with the thought that not even all journalists know how to tell stories, and often they should be stopped from doing it. But when you spend so much time juggling with people and words, it’s inevitable that facts come to life and become a non-fivtional narrative, in other words, a news story.And if we add image and sound this whole concept grows into a whole new level.

Fact or fable? All that serves better the user, the journalist and our collective conscience. To give a number instead of a name, to show a flag instead of a face, a stat instead of a quote, that is the difference between cold fact and new humanization. I know that Pat Thornton isn’t taking an extreme stand on this, quite the opposite, he appeals for a moderation in current practice, especially when we remember the new media, still filled with traps.

But i can’t help to smile when he refers to his buddy that said “I’m not a journalist. I’m a storyteller.” Is that the way? And what about you? Are you tellers or providers?

I’m not a storyteller — I’m an information provider

A lot of journalists got into this business because they like to tell stories.

I think that’s one fundamental reason why so many journalists have a hard time adapting to the changing news landscape. For me, it was never about the story — it was always about the information and news.

So, if the format changes, it doesn’t really bother me. I’m not married to the format or the medium. I’m not here to weave intricate narratives and tell stories.

Continue a ler ‘Contadores de histórias ou fornecedores de informação? | Storytellers or information providers?’

12
Jun
08

Jornalistas e direitos de autor | Journalists and copyright

Whose Journalism Is It?
Journalists work hard to report the news and tell the stories of our time. They contribute creativity, energy, passion, critical thinking, doing their best to reflect their community’s diversity and behave in an ethical fashion. I’ve heard people making comments reeking of disdain of our profession, “It’s not brain surgery.” And I want to say, “Yeah, it’s harder.”
These critics should try covering an eight-hour council meeting or staying on top of a fluid election and producing a story that is accurate, fair, balanced, solidly reported and written with compelling clarity. News writing, as veteran author David Von Drehle once put it, “especially on deadline, is so hectic and complicated — the fact-gathering, the phrase-finding, the inconvenience, the pressure.” Given those realities, it’s no surprise the process is called “The Daily Miracle.” It’s understandable, given all this hard work, that a sense of ownership takes over.
Chip on Your Shoulder

A quem pertencem os conteúdos criados pelos jornalistas? A eles ou às empresas que os dstribuem? Chip Scanlan aborda esta questão num artigo muito interessante.

To whom belong the contents created by journalists? To them or to the compnies that distribute them? Chip Scanlan tackles this issue in a very interesting article.

Continue a ler ‘Jornalistas e direitos de autor | Journalists and copyright’

04
Jun
08

Como preparar a nova geração? | How to prepare the new generation?

Joyce Smith, associate professor at Ryerson University's School of Journalism.

Nathan Denette/National Post

Joyce Smith, associate professor at Ryerson University’s School of Journalism.

Os desafios são grandes,por isso é necessário preparar melhor os jornalistas do futuro. Leiam este artigo para perceber o que se está a fazer no Canadá nesse sentido.

The challenge is huge,so it is necessary to prepare well the journalists of the future. Read this article to understand how they are doing it in Canada.

“If the medium of a different generation of journalism students was the newspaper or the six o’clock newscast, for this generation it’s online,” says Mike Gasher, director and associate professor in the department of journalism at Concordia University in Montreal.

As industry demands change, it’s time to bid farewell to the image of a pencil and pad-toting reporter, he says.

“We all perceive online journalism as the future … What we’re all waiting for is people, especially in Canada, to start making money off of their online news operations, for online advertising to become a serious revenue source, and I think you’re going to see an explosion.”

The expansion of the Internet as a platform for journalism is a mixed blessing for those in the media industry — on one hand, it provides a wider audience and easier access to information (where would today’s reporter be without Google’s search engine?), yet forging into the new online world also increases pressure for professionals to be more versatile and resourceful.(…)

The Financial Post

Continue a ler ‘Como preparar a nova geração? | How to prepare the new generation?’

20
Maio
08

Blogar mudou o vosso jornalismo? | Has blogging changed your journalism?

Paul Bradshaw fez um pequeno inquérito para saber como é que ter um blog afectou o trabalho dos jornalistas. Se quiserem participar respondam aqui.

Paul Bradshaw created a survey to find out how blogging has affected journalists’ work. If you you want to participate go here.

As part of a book chapter on the subject I’m putting together some research on if and how blogging has changed our work as journalists. It would help me enormously if you could take a few minutes to complete this short survey on ‘Has blogging changed your journalism?’.

If you could pass on the link to other journalists who blog I’d be very grateful too.

Has blogging changed your journalism?

Continue a ler ‘Blogar mudou o vosso jornalismo? | Has blogging changed your journalism?’




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