Posts Tagged ‘jornalismo



04
Fev
09

Top5: Most annoying discussions | Discussões mais irritantes

Citizen Journalism | Jornalismo do Cidadão

https://i2.wp.com/www.nataliedee.com/123107/ugh-journalistic-integrity-is-BORING.jpg

The shift | A mudança

This one is going to be short and sweet. I have already witten a post about this, and much of the problems that applied earlier in the relationship between bloggers and journalists are easily transferred here, with a few more important details.

Citizen Journalism

The big question: can citizens be journalists? The short answer: yes. The difference is in a set of characteristics that separate the citizen journalism from the freelancer/hired/part time  journalist i defined in a previous post:

  • It’s casual, whoever practices the journalistic act can do it only once in a lifetime.
  • It is mainly spontaneous, not dependant of an incumbency or professional obligation. It can be provoked by opportunity, personal need or social responsibility.
  • It is disorganized/not sistematic – this can happen in more or less degree, specializing in a job implies the learning of a method, that the citizen journalist may or may not master.
  • It is related to the surrounding reality of the citizen journalist, wether it is in a geographical level, emotional, cultural, therefore there is a certain amount of partiality (but like we’ve seen before, impartiality doesn’t not objectively exist in traditional journalism).
  • It doesn’t follow the mainstream news agenda. Apart from calamities, terrorist attacks, or other high profile events, Citizen Journalism tends to reflect realities, subjects, or perspectives absent from the mainstream media coverage.
  • It can be done by people who have a greater specific knowledge about a given subject than a journalist (which happens frequently, one can’t just know about everything).
  • The purpose is not any sort of remuneration but simply the act of information. (this can change)

Still, many don’t believe that a citizen is capable of creating a journalistic piece. I could build a chair and not be a professional carpenter. And it could the most comfortable  reliable ass-sitting piece of furniture ever made, better than a pro would do, or  it could even be a wobbly one, good enough for the fireplace, that it would still be a chair. There is lots of of journalism that is good enough, for that: to burn. The point is, regular people can do it, with more or less skill. They won’t do it often, but i say their participation is important, and their input priceless.

This forced a whole new relationship between the once before isolated media and the passive, yet eager to participate audience. New forms of collaboration and new spaces where only the seasoned pros dwelled were created. Though sometimes it all looks like a joke to me – they reduce citizen journalism to candid camera – there are others who will gladly use citizen participation to create new contents otherwise impossible to make. The audience is shaping the agenda and the creation of contents in more or less subtle ways, sharing info, sending pictures, or just by suggesting new themes or funding stories. In the future, citizens will be actively shaping the journalistic activity in different manners:

-sending data, pictures, via Twitter or directly to the websites or mashups;

-organizing huge amounts of information that one journalist alone couldn’t fathom;

-proposing and/or funding stories;

-by being new distribution channels, sharing the news via social networking (this is a huge growing trend);

-by directly commenting, correcting, or updating the info, making the articles evolve and become more accurate;

-and many other things i’m not even imagining or remembering now, if you have any suggestions leave them in the comments;

Journalists will be organizing this flow of contribution / demand created by the audience (leaving this carefree attitude behind), who is no longer a mere holder of papers and remotes, but an active element of news creation and distribution. Does this makes a citizen a journalist? No, but more like an editor.

But back to the main issue, some argue that whatever a citizen may create it can hardly be considered as journalism, because journalism implies rules, certain objectives bla bla bla…we can also argue then that many journalism, by those standards, isn’t journalism at all.Not a good logic to apply here, nonetheless it is true.

This is not getting as short as i intended to so let me finish it sweet: Citizens can be Journalists (under the features i listed before). Now i’d just love to see some journalists become better citizens.

Este vai ser curto e meigo. Eu já escrevi um post sobre isto, e muitos dos problemas que se aplicaram antes à relação entre bloggers e jornalistas podem ser facilmente transferidas para aqui, com apenas mais uns pormenores importantes.

Jornalismo do Cidadão

A grande pergunta: podem os cidadãos ser jornalistas? A resposta curta: sim. A diferença está num conjunto de características que separam o jornalismo do cidadão do jornalista freelancer/contratado/part-time, que já listei num post anterior:

  • É casual, quem exerce o acto jornalístico pode fazê-lo apenas uma vez na vida.
  • É predominantemente espontâneo, não sujeito a encomenda ou obrigação profissional. Pode ser causado por uma questão de oportunidade, necessidade pessoal ou responsabilidade social.
  • É desorganizado/não sistematizado- aqui pode ser em maior ou menor grau, a especialização numa profissão implica a aprendizagem de um método, que o jornalista-cidadão  pode ou não dominar.
  • Está relacionado com a realidade próxima do jornalista-cidadão, seja a nivel geográfico, emocional, cultural, logo existe um certo grau de parcialidade (mas como já vimos, a imparcialidade não existe  objectivamente no jornalismo tradicional).
  • Está fora da agenda noticiosa tradicional. À excepção de calamidades, atentados, ou outros eventos de grande repercussão, o Jornalismo do Cidadão tem tendência a reflectir realidades, assuntos, ou perspectivas ausentes da cobertura mediática.
  • Pode ser feito por pessoas com mais conhecimento específico sobre um determinado assunto do que um jornalista (que é o que acontece muitas vezes, não se pode saber tudo).
  • O objectivo não é uma remuneração, mas apenas o acto de informar.(isto pode mudar)

Mesmo assim, muitos ainda não acreditam que um cidadão é capaz de criar uma peça jornalística. Eu podia fazer uma cadeira e não ser um carpinteiro de profissão. E até podia ser a mais confortável e estável peça de mobiliário para assentar o rabo jamais feita, melhor do que por um profissional, ou até podia ser uma toda torta, boa apenas para arder na fogueira, que ainda seria uma cadeira. Existe muito jornalismo que é tão bom como isso, para arder. A ideia é que pessoas normais podem fazê-lo, com maior ou menor capacidade. Não o farão muitas vezes, mas eu digo que a sua participação é importante, e o seu contributo valiosíssimo.

Isto impôs uma toda nova relação entre os antes isolados media e o passivo mas desejoso de participar público. Foram criados novas formas de colaboração e novos espaços apenas disponíveis antes para profissionais experientes. Apesar de às vezes me parecer uma enorme piada – eles reduzem o jornalismo do cidadão a uma espécie de “apanhados”– há outros que de bom grado usam a participação dos cidadãos para criar novos conteúdos que de outra forma seriam impossíveis de fazer. O público está a moldar a agenda e a criação de conteúdos de forma mais ou menos subtil, partilhando informação, enviando imagens, ou apenas sugerindo novos temas ou financiando reportagens. No futuro, os cidadãos irão activamente moldar a actividade jornalística de várias formas:

-enviando dados, imagens, via Twitter ou directamente para os sites ou mashups;

-organizando enormes quantidades de informação que um só jornalista não conseguiria tratar;

-propondo e/ou financiando reportagens;

-sendo mais um canal de distribuição, partilhando as ntícias via redes sociais (esta é uma tendência em crescimento);

-comentando, corrigindo ou actualizando a informação directamente, fazendo evoluir os artigos e a torná-los mais correctos;

-e muitas outras coisas que nem imagino ou me lembro agora,se tiverem sugestões deixem nos comentários;

Os jornalistas irão organizar este fluxo de contributos/procura criados pelos utilizadores, (deixando esta ideia despreocupada para trás) que não são mais apenas  suportes de jornais e comandos de televisão, mas um elemento activo na criação e distribuição de notícias. Isto faz deles jornalistas? Não, talvez mais editores.

Mas de volta à questão principal, alguns podem dizer que o que um cidadão cria dificilmente pode ser considerado como jornalismo, porque isso implica regras, certos objectivos, blá blá… também posso argumentar que muito jornalismo, por esses padrões, também não pode ser considerado como tal. Não é uma boa lógica para se aplicar aqui, todavia é verdade.

Isto não está a ficar tão curto como queria, por isso vou terminar meigo: os Cidadãos podem fazer de Jornalistas (dentro das características listadas antes). Agora adorava ver alguns jornalistas ser melhores cidadãos.

READ ALSO ABOUT THE OTHERS | LEIAM TAMBÉM SOBRE AS OUTRAS

The Death of Newspapers | A morte dos Jornais

Bloggers vs Journalists | Bloggers vs Jornalistas

Death of the blogosphere | Morte da Blogosfera

Continue a ler ‘Top5: Most annoying discussions | Discussões mais irritantes’

28
Jan
09

Links for Today | Links para hoje

By Paul Bradshaw

From journalistic pariah to savior of the news industry, blogs have undergone an enormous transformation in recent years. As a journalist and a blogger, I was curious to see how this transformation from blogophobia to blogophilia was affecting journalism. Was the hype surrounding the potential of blogs to transform our craft being realized—or were journalists simply treating their blogs as another “channel” into which to plough content?

Personal News

In a world where customisation is key (our clothes, our cars, our TV channels…), why can’t we customise our newspapers?  In fact we can, Mary Lou Fulton explains.  Fulton is Vice President of Audience Development at The Bakersfield Californian, and has discovered a Swiss-German innovation called Personal News, collaboration between SwissPost and Syntops GmbH.

Personal News is currently in its pilot stage, and available in a limited area in Switzerland.  However the idea is this; after registering online you select up to seven newspaper sections that interest you (at the moment, available publications include The Washington Post and Austria’s The Standard).  After that, the relevant newspapers send their PDFs to Syntops, who assimilate the PDF into personalised publications and pass them on to Swiss Post, who has them on your doorstep by 11am.  You can even change your newspaper selection up to 7pm the previous night.

The title says it all | O título diz tudo

  • “We Ain’t Seen Nothin’ Yet”: Jack Driscoll on Community Journalism, Henry Jenkins

(Part One) (Part Two)

Driscoll recently published a book, Couch Potatoes Sprout: The Rise of Online Community Journalism, which shares some of his experiences and offers sage advice about how and why community journalism may become an important part of the contemporary newscape. What I love about the book is its emphasis on journalism as a practice and a process rather than simply a product, since it is clear that working on these publications is empowering to those who become involved, changing the ways they think about themselves and their communities.

I was lucky enough to get a chance to pick Jack’s brain about community journalism and to be able to share his perspectives with you here. As you read this, you have to picture this ruddy faced man with gray hair, a sparkle in his eye, and a broad toothy smile. Jack represents what was best about the old style journalism and he represents a bridge to what may be most vital about the future of civic media.

Why most of the web is junk
The truth is that the vast majority of the web contains poor quality content. Even for those sites that do have great content, often they are difficult to find (via a search engine) and the user experience, once you visit it, is so poor, you simply wish to leave.

Despite nearly 15 years of web development, most of us still waste dozens of hours a month trawling the web, weeding out sites that either have irrelevant content to our search query or where the user experience is just too frustrating.

Unfortunately – similar to weeding – those sites don’t really go away. A search engine query the next day can bring up the same poor results and the process starts all over again.

Continue a ler ‘Links for Today | Links para hoje’

21
Jan
09

Links for today | Links para hoje

That myth is essentially that every reader of a publication – not just buyer but alleged reader – is exposed to every ad. So every advertiser is charged for every reader of every ad. Great while it lasted, eh?

But the internet punctured that illusion because on the web, advertisers pay only for the ads a reader sees (and, in many cases, clicks on). So online, a paper or magazine can no longer charge every advertiser for every reader. This has exposed the essential inefficiency of print advertising (like TV advertising that is ignored or skipped). But it shows the inherent efficiency of online advertising.

Newspaper companies need to turn the tide and turn it fast if they want to stay in business at all. It’s time to go on the offensive and renovate their businesses around the changing needs and demands of their customers. The difficulty lies in that much of their future may not involve paper, and the industry is having a hard time changing its name.

If they don’t, they will become what the railroad industry became. The railroads could have survived as major players in the business of transporting people, had they believed they were in the transportation business, not the train business. They would have invested in cars, buses and airplanes. But they didn’t, and while there remains a railroad industry today, it’s much smaller and less significant than it was.

The fully loaded cost of a great reporter doing great work, then, falls somewhere in the $180,000 range:

$130,000 salary and benefits
$4,800 a year in subscriptions and other information sources
$2,500 a month in travel
$1,250 a month in legal and insurance coverage
$179,800 total, and that’s before the cost of IT, telecom and office space


I’m not (that) interested (today) in trying to figure out what revenue, then, will support major metro newspapers online.  When a major city loses its last print edition, it will be because it has already been replaced, in terms of reporting, advertising, commentary, and yes, journalism, by (mostly) smaller organizations.

And by definition, I expect a newspaper.com in a no-print city to look and feel infinitely different than it does now, to be a distributed news service, the sum of dozens of tiny parts, a portal to a wide variety of platforms where bits of news pushed out and pulled in.

(Right, so again, these are all the things I’m not going to talk about today. Right. Sure.)

My question, then, is how to support a small, agile, online-only news organization.

In Roanoke, the journalists grouped the pressure points into three categories: How to use Facebook and MySpace as a reporting tool, how to use the sites as a promotional tool and finally, how to balance your personal and professional images.

As a reporting tool, it’s easy to argue that Facebook, MySpace and Twitter instantly connect journalists to stories that in the past would have taken days or weeks to surface. Last year, the Orlando Sentinel discovered a Facebook group devoted to the lack of water at the University of Central Florida’s brand new football stadium. The group provided immediate access to dozens of sources who’d experienced firsthand the opening game in 95-degree heat.

90% of startups fail.

It’s kind of crazy that entrepreneurs think that their vision and their idea is the “right” one.  What qualifies them to know what will work?  Why don’t digital and tech entrepreneurs test their ideas before they waste money and countless hours building a product that’s not needed?  I call this the “me too” syndrome that is so prevalent on the west coast <cough> Silicon Valley…

TweetNews keeps an eye on Yahoo News and compares its headlines with which news stories are culling links on Twitter updates. A story’s popularity amongst the tweeting masses will push it up farther on TweetNews. There’s no landing page full of links, though, just search functionality. You can see the Twitter updates each result is pulling from in a drop-down box, and the absolutely minimal site loads seriously fast.

Continue a ler ‘Links for today | Links para hoje’

19
Jan
09

Links for today | Links para hoje

Pew Research Center

I bet most of that “online” news is really the work of existing newspapers (newsbrands) who operate online. That’s actually good news. It means that collectively, newspapers are MORE popular than television as a source for news.

As I’ve already said, it’s time to monetize it.

While a great deal of what I write here is underinformed speculation, this piece is unusually speculative and underinformed. It’s possible that I’m flat out wrong about the idea I’m developing here. I’m putting it forward with the hopes that folks will react with examples and data that help prove or disprove this theory. Being told that I’m unambigiously wrong with good data demonstrating my error would be very helpful. Simply being told I’m wrong – less helpful.

You’ve heard about the housing bubble. And the dot-com bubble. I’m here to tell you about The Journalism Bubble.

Anybody who’s paying attention to the state of journalism in the US is aware of the financial crisis facing the news industry. And there’s wide agreement on the cause of the crisis: advertising revenue for print and broadcast is declining, and advertising revenue for internet offerings is not rising fast enough to make up the difference.

That’s true.

It’s also a completely inadequate explanation for the waves of layoffs, bankruptcies, and outright closures of news organizations.

There is a journalism bubble. And the bubble has burst.

Tribune Co. and the New York Daily News* are looking at closing their foreign bureaus and outsourcing international coverage, The Wall Street Journal says. The beneficiaries would be the Washington Post and a Boston-based startup called GlobalPost. Under the arrangement being discussed by Tribune Co. and the Washington Post, Tribune would contract with the Post for international stories to be delivered to its portfolio of newspapers and would close dozens of foreign offices, saving the bankrupt company millions each year. There’s no word on how much of that coverage would be unique to Tribune, but that’s presumably an issue in the talks. The two companies have long had an alliance via a joint news service.

Adopt new technologies and workflows to make news production more efficient. Many traditional news organizations have redundant production processes for their traditional (print or broadcast) product and the Web. These must be consolidated.

Distribute professionally created content through as many channels as possible. Stories must go out in print, on the air, online, via mobile technology — and yes, on the Kindle or another “iTunes for news.” When appropriate, news organizations could share the cost of content creation with other news organizations. The Miami Herald and Poynter’s St. Petersburg (Fla.) Times, for instance, already collaborate to pay for coverage of the Florida state capital.


Williams highlighted the need to find a way to “make journalism happen where it’s needed, when it’s needed, and then redeploy elsewhere when things change.”  Poynter writer Amy Gahran elaborated on the idea of a “cadre of general assignment reporters, ready to work on whatever needed doing.” It is essentially a development of the idea of stringers and freelancers, but she believes it could be an interesting complement to traditional news outlets, and takes it a step further, envisaging a situation where various kinds of organisations, not just news, could purchase reporting capacity.

If newspapers were to die, Pratt believes that we would lose all objectivity – on the Internet, he says ‘it seems that reality can be created and spun’.  ‘Hysterical’ predictions about print’s imminent demise to him signal the exact reason that we need it to stay, to present facts as facts and for the ‘check and balance that news organisations strive to provide’.

This page is intended to be a collaborative style guide for online sub-editors, including useful tips.

Some journalism academics may be even more scared of new technology and more resistant to change than the worst print “dinosaurs” working in media today. But Web 2.0 has made getting online so simple that there are no more excuses for being disconnected. While some reporters see journalism education as a potential refuge from the rapid pace of change in the 21st century digital newsroom, journalism schools should in fact be among the first places to adapt to new technology if they’re to train the journalists of tomorrow and remain relevant today.

I have been working to integrate blogs and other social media into my teaching, but traditional academia’s inherent resistance to educational experimentation — as well as fears around defamation litigation, autonomous student publication, and public relations fallout — can make embracing the journalism of the digital age even more difficult in the classroom than in the newsroom.

Fit for purpose

Put all those things together and the only viable strategy for getting video in your newsroom now is point-and-shoot. It’s responsive, cheap and easy to implement and the kind of video produced – short clip content, illustrative video and vignettes of action – is best suited to the embedded style we see on news sites.

That doesn’t mean I’m ditching the idea that a quality video strategy has lost.  It isn’t a betamax Vs. VHS type thing. Those that invested in the training and development of that strategy will always get good results from it.  Those who just bought lots of kit and left the newsroom to it will have already put the camera in a cupboard.

News article about the live coverage of a political congress using Twitter, by Parlamento Global’s journalists.

Artigo que fala da cobertura do congresso do CDS, através do Twitter pelos jornalistas do Parlamento Global.

As novas tecnologias tomaram conta da política e a Internet tornou-se um veículo para transmitir mensagens e não só. O 23º congresso do CDS, nas Caldas da Rainha, foi um bom exemplo disso. Além de ser transmitido ao minuto através do site Parlamento Global, foram vários os presentes que partilharam com os seus «seguidores» no twitter tudo o que estava a acontecer.

Twitter & Cover It Live

Twitter & Cover It Live

Continue a ler ‘Links for today | Links para hoje’

15
Jan
09

Links for today | Links para hoje

Why art thou so hasty and hard to keep up with, o Web? | Porque sois tão difícil de acompanhar, ó Web?


(Portuguese only)

This is a small doc created by researchers of Information and Communication in Digital Platforms from Porto and Aveiro universities. Citizen journalism, cyberjournalism through the eyes of journalists, citizens and academics, in an interesting nine minute video. In Portuguese.

Este pequeno video foi realizado por um grupo de doutorandos em Informação e Comunicação em Plataformas Digitais das Universidades de Aveiro e Porto. Jornalismo participativo e ciberjornalismo na visão de jornalistas, cidadãos e académicos, em nove minutos interessantes.

By Megan Taylor

For the last couple of days I’ve been reading through StreamingMedia.com’s The Ultimate Guide to Creating Online Video Content That Works.

The article comes in two parts, the first concentrating on paying attention to your existing and potential audience, and the challenges that both media companies and independent content creators face. The second part discusses video production quality long-form vs short-form video.

They also interviewed “content decision makers” and “content creators” for input.

First of all, they admit that making online video successful is an art, not a science.

As journalism evolves, so do the tools journalists come to depend on. While the Internet can’t provide all the resources a good reporter needs, it does offer a number of them that can make a journalist’s job easier and more productive.

The following web services have become an integral part of the evolving toolkit for the modern journalist: (…)

I have written a piece for PBS Mediashift on why I believe that blogging deserves a place on a journalism curriculum.

The blogs are now live and cover a broad range of topics, from Canadian foreign policy to spirituality to Latin American culture.

Teaching someone to blog might sound odd.  My approach is to consider blogs as a delivery system that may or may not contain journalism.

I use newspapers as a comparison. Tabloids such as The Daily Star or The Sun in the UK are very different to The Times or The Guardian.  They are all newspapers, but have distinctly different content.

What makes a blog a “blog” are the social and cultural practices that have developed alongside this new web-based delivery system. In other words, the technology and history of blogs has resulted in certain generic conventions, much like the evolution of print led to a set of conventions.

Vodpod videos no longer available.

Vodpod videos no longer available.

We are proud to announce Ubiquity 0.1.5. Since the last major update, Ubiquity has gained a sleeker look and a smarter, more stable core. Ubiquity has also gained the ability to be skinned: anyone who knows how to write standards-complaint CSS can now create and share a custom Ubiquity skin.

  • Beautiful: Ubiquity has a new look that increases its visual simplicity and lays the groundwork for full keyboard access.

Continue a ler ‘Links for today | Links para hoje’

14
Jan
09

Links for today | Links para hoje

If you’re editing a news site, are you publishing what users want or what you have?

Assuming you have what users want, are you organizing it the way your users would want it organized? Or is it organized based on some legacy notion like print sections? Or worse, is it displayed based on the org chart?

Startup news sites are fighting an uphill battle against established media brands. But one advantage they have is the ability to put the user first in their content and layout decisions, without the burden of prior procedures.

I only need to look at the increase of twitter followers, new blogs and fresh faces that have appeared since christmas to know that journalists are really fired up about online. They love twitter and blogging and RSS. Once they get excited by slideshows or video or maps they want to try them.  The avalaunche of new apps that appear on the web news of which spread through their newly followed feeds appear as a tweet are the biggest most exciting toy box imaginable. They have stories they want to tell.

Then they go in the office and it grinds to a halt.

That great stuff they tried on their blog the night before needs a form signed in triplicate, a request to central support and good dollop of patience. By then the stories dead and a little bit of the excitment has died with them.

Things were simpler a decade and a half ago, when the three daily newspapers that landed on my doorstep (all paid for) were what I needed.

Not any more. For any given story, other than perhaps the truly local, there are dozens of sources and there’s no single source that covers it best day in and day out. When I’m following a story, I’ll go through as many as a dozen websites and, for different stories, they are not always the same ones.

I’m hardly unique. Increasingly, it’s the way people inform themselves. And that’s where part of the idea of paying for the news breaks down substantially. How many subscriptions should have to I buy to cover the part-time creation of value?

As newspapers struggle to sell their content, which in most cases can be found online for free, David Carr of The New York Times asks why the news industry as not followed Apple’s model for iTunes.

itunes-scrn.jpgThe iTunes online music store sold more than 2.4 billion tracks last year, according to the NYT.  The most important thing to retain from this number, according to Carr, is that “Apple has been able to charge for content in the first place,” even though music can be downloaded for free online (illegally, of course).

Their success is a combination of an easy user interface, cooperation within the music industry and a solid business model.  The question is can the model be transplanted?

If you run a website you’re going to want to manage your content. You might use an Enterprise CMS, an open source CMS, a blogging platform or a bespoke app, and as you might expect at the BBC the same rules apply. Except some of us have been trying out something a bit different — using the web as a content management system.

3. That there is a difference between link journalism and ‘cut and paste’ journalism (aka plagiarism).

4. That your readers are smarter than you think. In fact, many are smarter than you – they know more than you do.

5. That churnalism is much easier to spot online. If you do this regularly, your readers are already on to you – merely re-writing press releases without bringing anything to the table no longer cuts it.

Before you read any further, you need to know that I am a strong supporter of the Palestinians who thinks the state of Israel is an imperialist construct and an outpost of American projected military power in the Middle East. I’ve come to the conclusion that journalists have a moral responsibility to say as much and to predicate all their reporting of the current Gaza conflict, as well as coverage of Iraq, Iran, Syria, Afghanistan and the associated “terror frame” of news analysis on this controversial starting point.

In other words, I believe in what Martin Bell calls the “journalism of attachment”, rather than feeble attempts at objectivity, which is, in and of itself, a form of inbuilt and largely unconscious bias.

Continue a ler ‘Links for today | Links para hoje’

13
Jan
09

Today’s Special Links | Links do dia

At yesterday’s “Creating Video Narratives” workshop at Beyond Bootcamp, Washington Post video journalist Travis Fox shared his 10 guidelines for making video reports.

  • Golden Rule 6 Get close to the subject when interviewing them for audio purposes
  • Golden Rule 5: Stay quiet when shooting
  • Golden Rule 4: If you do not get the shot, you do not have it.

The new year brings with it the startling reality that I have got less than a month left on my NCTJ course.

I don’t know which scares me more: having to pass my exams in three weeks; or having to find a job. Probably both in equal measure.

While trying to decipher the difference between a ‘revenue support grant’ and ‘relative needs formulae’, I am also overhauling my CV.

Writing a CV is really difficult, especially when you think about the 50 million other people chasing the same jobs as you.

  • How do you make it stand out?
  • How many pages should it be?
  • Should you play it really straight?
  • Should you give it a humorous slant etc?
  • Is it okay to have gaps in your employment?
  • What if you haven’t worked for anyone yet?
  • Should you have a kitten pattern border running around it?

One of the common complaints from people in journalism about bloggers is that we just comment on reports in the news, we don’t do original reporting. It’s so often repeated it’s become a cliche, but it’s simply not true and I can prove it.

Seth Godin offers an interesting suggestion – and a wake-up call – to local newspapers hoping to get more local in a post titled Time to start a newspaper. The twist is that he’s offering this advice to real estate brokers or plumbers or anyone in local business looking to grow their local presence. And he thinks it would be easy to do:

Here’s how I would do it. Assume you’ve got six people in your office. Each person is responsible to do two things each day:

* Interview a local business, a local student or a local political activist. You can do it by phone, it can be very short and it might take you ten minutes.

* Get 20 households to ’subscribe’ by giving you their email address and asking for a free subscription. You can use direct contact or flyers or speeches to get your list.

As old media races to catch up with the Web and figure out how to successfully monetize print content online, one publication is taking a drastically different approach: web to print.

The Printed Blog, a startup founded and funded by former business productivity software entrepreneur Joshua Karp, is launching a twice-daily free print newspaper in cities across the country aggregating localized blog posts.

“Why hasn’t anyone tried to take the best content and bring it offline?” said Karp, who thinks print media is far from dying.

Continuing the free ebook spree, I’ve found 3 more on creativity and design.

The Vignelli Canon How do you design?

Continue a ler ‘Today’s Special Links | Links do dia’

08
Jan
09

Lists of Tools | Listas de Ferramentas

New tools for new news

Journalists need new tools to work online. I started building this online database of such tools as a personal project, just a way to keep track of everything I was using. It has since grown into something I think others will find useful.

The site is in public beta for now. Eventually, I hope to move it to its own domain.

Anyone can browse this site and subscribe to our RSS feeds. Registering allows you to add new tools, add links to existing tools and bookmark tools, which will be saved on your contributor page.

Chris Amico created an open list of tools for journalists. Many are open source, and they cover many aspects of the online news needs. If you know some more you can add your suggestions.

I found another list via @vinil2004, with learning tools but that provides a great deal of applications for the web2.0 users and pros.

This reminded me i should probably update my post about free tools for the online newsroom – especially dedicated for freelancers.

Check them links below.

Chris Amico criou uma lista aberta de ferramentas para jornalistas. Muitas são open source, e cobrem muitas das necessidades da informação online. Se conhecerem outras, contribuam.

Encontrei outra lista via @vinil2004 com mais ferramentas dedicadas ao ensino mas que podem úteis para utilizadores e profissionais da web2.0.

Isto lembrou-me do meu post sobre ferramentas grátis para a redacção online– dedicado especialmente para freelancers.

Vejam nos links abaixo.

Continue a ler ‘Lists of Tools | Listas de Ferramentas’

08
Jan
09

Links for today | Links para hoje

Vodpod videos no longer available.

Monday morning, WTSP-TV anchor/reporter Janie Porter was on TV, reporting live from Ft. Lauderdale, Fla., on the run-up to this week’s national college football championship game. She didn’t have a big live truck accompanying her, or an engineer tuning in a shot or a photojournalist standing behind the camera and setting up lights.

Porter set up her own camera, opened her laptop, connected the camera to her computer, slipped a wireless connection card into her laptop, called up Skype and used her Blackberry to establish IFB (the device TV folks wear in their ears to hear the off-air signal). It all looked just great on air.

At some point, newspaper execs who believe in serious, quality journalism — not Google, not government, not some outside agency — are going to have to make the decision to support it with as much as possible of the remaining resources that they have. It is newspapers — even now, because they are still making money — that are going to have make the commitment to make serious journalism their prime, and perhaps only, reason for being, even if it means letting the lighter stuff (which makes up a substantial amount of the weekly page count) go.

  • Clay Shirky X 2

The shape of things to come, The Guardian

The great misfortune of newspapers in this era is that they were such a good idea for such a long time that people felt the newspaper business model was part of a deep truth about the world, rather than just the way things happened to be. It’s like the fall of communism, where a lot of the eastern European satellite states had an easier time because there were still people alive who remembered life before the Soviet Union – nobody in Russia remembered it. Newspaper people are like Russians, in a way.

Interview with Clay Shirky, Part I | Interview with Clay Shirky, Part II, CJR

One of the things that I’ve noticed with criticisms of the Internet is that very often they’re displaced criticisms of television. That there are a lot of people, Nick Carr especially is a recent addition to the canon, wringing their hands over the end of literary reading. And they’re laying that at the foot of the Internet. It seems to me, in fact, from the historical record, that the idea of literary reading as a sort of broad and normal activity was done in by television, and it was done in forty years ago.

2. Thou shalt aim high. I must remember that my experience, expertise and capability are precious – and will not be tempted to sell myself  short or write for free. Because thou is worth it, right?

3. Thou shalt be more persistent. I will make sure I’m being proactive about pitching and will not be afraid to bang on doors – everyone else is doing it, after all.

Much of the information that most people want doesn’t readily exist in a publicly available database. It’s in the conversations and community interactions between real people. (This is the key to Twitter’s amazing growth.) And I believe that people want to know what’s happening in their neighborhood.

Uma solução para o financiamento da atividade jornalística pode estar em oferecer material mais atraente ao leitor e cobrar por ele. Os jornais digitais poderiam deixar a informação que pode ser encontrada em outros lugares (abundante) disponível a todos e investir maior esforço de reportagem em pautas inusitadas e exclusivas. Isto é, produzir informação escassa. E escassez, como qualquer estudante de primeiro semestre de Economia sabe, é uma das bases do valor de qualquer produto. Enfim, é preciso primeiro aumentar a qualidade das notícias, para depois querer cobrar por elas.


raidgaza.jpg

The game argues against the justification of Israeli attacks on Gaza, representing them as unprovoked and characterizing Israel’s response as overt aggression. The game’s goal is to kill as many Palestinians as possible in a three minute session. The game begins with a quote from Ehud Olmert on “minimizing the number of Palestinans” in Gaza. The game connects the dots in the statement, suggesting that minimization implies killing. As shown above, special rewards are offered for occasional attacks on civilian targets. A creepy muzak-like instrumental version of the Carpenter’s “Close to You” plays throughout.

Continue a ler ‘Links for today | Links para hoje’

18
Dez
08

Thursday links | Links de Quinta-feira

Vodpod videos no longer available.

I recorded this at the Society of Editors conference in November, so forgive my tardiness. This is Donald Martin, a representative of UK training organisation NCTJ talking about the results of a survey they and partners PTC, BJTC and Skillset conducted into employer and university perceptions of skills needed by journalists…

We’ve grown up with news being free, whether our parents paid for it or we stumbled across it on the Internet as young teens. In college, many of us found stacks of papers free in dining halls and student unions as publishers showered schools in hopes of building devoted young readers.

To where from here? I think the industry can survive only if big guns — the Tribune Co., owner of the Los Angeles Times and the Chicago Tribune, which has filed for bankruptcy reorganization; The New York Times; The Washington Post; Murdoch; McClatchy; and Gannett — manage to collude. They, as a cartel, must demand that we pay for news, be it digital or print. I think a system where subscribers get Sunday print delivered combined with unlimited digital usage is a likely model.

Social media is not yet another place to push content onto. It’s not a repository for content from another medium. It’s its own medium.

It deserves — no demands — its own content. Social media can be a great way to connect with users. It can also be a great way to build a network of sources.

So, if you are training tomorrow’s journalists, why bother with your own print edition? While I haven’t seen a formal content analysis, my impression is that college newspapers have evolved about as much as their grown-up siblings (not much). Given the amount of time and energy it takes to put out a printed publication on a regular basis, journalism programs could benefit by focusing their students’ energies toward innovations in online journalism, instead of putting a paper out.

NEW YORK (AdAge.com) — News on the web has a future — and not just for sites that don’t pay their bloggers, like The Huffington Post, but for cost-intensive operations such as The New York Times, too.

The report concludes that once NYT.com starts generating 1.3 billion page views a month, it could succeed as a web-only product.

That’s the conclusion of a report released Tuesday, titled “Size Doesn’t Matter,” by online media-research company ContentNext. The report looks at sites ranging from those that are independently run on a low budget, including Drudge Report and the Daily Kos, to giants like CNN Digital Network and Google News.

“Small website operations can be self-sustaining,” writes the report’s author, ContentNext Research Director Lauren Rich Fine, “but life is easier at the mega traffic sites.”

Continue a ler ‘Thursday links | Links de Quinta-feira’




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