Posts Tagged ‘citizen journalism



13
Fev
08

CNN iReport

ireport1.gif

A CNN está prestes a lançar o iReport, uma página dedicada a conteúdos noticiosos criados pelos utilizadores. A aposta da empresa neste género de conteúdos já existe há já algum tempo, e teve os seus pontos altos a queda da ponte da I-35W no Rio Mississippi, nas perguntas enviadas pelo YouTube para os debates das primárias norte-americanas e, mais recentemente, no massacre na Virginia Tech.

De acordo com a Wikipedia o serviço que surgiu na página principal da CNN em 2 de Agosto de 2006 vai passar a ser autónomo e só o domínio custou 750,000 dólares. Basicamente o serviço permite ao cidadão comum enviar vídeos,fotografias e texto de acontecimentos, capturados por telemóvel, como está no formulário. O objectivo é promover a participação do público. Ou será uma forma da CNN ter exclusivos sem custos de maior?

Entre as críticas que vão surgindo na net sobre o iReport, estão a ausência de creditação dos conteúdos a um URL, o que permitiria o aumento de tráfego para o site do contribuinte, a ideia de que os utilizadores estão a ser usados num falso esquema de colaboração, já que se prevê que grande parte da informação não será transmitida (apesar de não conhecer os termos de utilização, pressinto que se estiver no iReport não poderá estar em mais lado nenhum), e que a compensação será nula na esmagadora maioria dos casos – como se diz aqui, ” é pena que a CNN não ahe que os cidadãos que enviem material que venham a transmitir não seja compensado de forma alguma, mesmo que fossem T-shirts, canecas de café ou outra coisa qualquer não-monetária”.Também não se sabe que tipo de moderação poderá existir, se é que está prevista.

Mark Hopkins também tem as suas dúvidas, já que a CNN está cega com as previsíveis receitas que daí podem advir. Aquilo que a CNN considera como “o próximo passo” está a causar desconforto nas alas tradicionais do jornalismo,que atribui zero credibilidade aos conteúdos criados pelos utilizadores, que com o iReport ganham o peso fornecido pela instituição CNN. O que se estão a esquecer é que esta é uma forma de se obter imagens do momento, qualquer que seja esse momento.

Duvido que para além dos relatos das testemunhas do acontecimento se aproveite mais alguma coisa do que as imagens, sempre dramáticas, capturadas por um telemóvel (que vieram substituir as imagens esverdeadas de night vision de há 10 anos atrás). Por isso deixo a seguinte questão: será o iReport uma verdadeira institucionalização do jornalismo do cidadão, ou uma forma de se obter o momento em exclusivo e sem custos?E aproveitando uma pergunta deixada noutro blog: não será isto uma outra forma de cleptocracia?

Susan Grant, vice presidente executiva da CNN News Services diz “Gostamos de ser os primeiros.Esta é uma oportunidade de criar uma relação com um público global.”

CNN is on the verge of launching iReport, a webpage dedicated to user gnerated news contents. The company has been betting in this sort of contents for a while now, and had it’s highlights with the I-35W Mississippi River bridge collapse, with the questions sent through YouTube for the north-american primaries elections debates and, more recently, the Virginia Tech massacre.

According to Wikipedia the program, which was launched on August 2, 2006, is now becoming autonomous and the domain only cost $750,000. Basically this service will allow common citizens to send videos, pictures and text about events, as the form says, captured by cell phone. The goal is to promote audience participation. Or is it just a way to CNN get more exclusives without further expenses?

Amongst the critical opinions that are surfacing on the internet about iReport, are the lack of URL credits over the broadcasted contents, which would allow the generation of traffic to the contributors websites,the idea that users are being used in a fake scheme of collaboration, since it’s foreseeable that most contents won’t be used by CNN (although i’m not aware of terms of use, i predict that if it’s on iReport it can’t be anywhere else), and that the compensation will be none most of the times – like it’s said here “it’s unfortunate CNN doesn’t feel that citizens submitting material that they use on air shouldn’t be compensated in any way, even if it’s only T-shirts, coffee cups or something non-monetary.” Still unknown is what kind of moderation will exist, if any.

Mark Hopkins also has his doubts, since CNN is blinded with the predictable revenues that may come. And what CNN considers “the next step” is causing some discomfort among the tradicional wings of journalism, that give zero credibility to user generated content, that gains with iReport a institutional weight provided by CNN. What they’re forgetting is that this is a way to obtain images of the moment, whichever moment it is.

 

I doubt that besides the witness testimonials on the events, not much more will be used than the always dramatic pictures captured by a cell phone (that came to replace the greenish footage on night vision of 10 years ago). Hence,i leave the following question: is IReport a true institutionalization of citizen journalism, or a way to get the moment exclusively without further expenses? And picking up a question left on another blog: Isn’t this just another form of kleptocracy?

Susan Grant, executive vp of the CNN News Services says “We like being first. This is an opportunity to create a relationship with a global audience.”

ireplogo.jpg ” By submitting your material, for good and valuable consideration, the sufficiency and receipt of which you hereby acknowledge, you hereby grant to CNN and its affiliates a non-exclusive, perpetual, worldwide license to edit, telecast, rerun, reproduce, use, syndicate, license, print, sublicense, distribute and otherwise exhibit the materials you submit, or any portion thereof, as incorporated in any of their programming or the promotion thereof, in any manner and in any medium or forum, whether now known or hereafter devised, without payment to you or any third party. You represent and warrant to CNN that you have the full legal right, power and authority to grant to CNN the license provided for herein, that you own or control the complete exhibition and other rights to the materials you submitted for the purposes contemplated in this license and that neither the materials nor the exercise of the rights granted herein shall infringe upon or violate the right of privacy or right of publicity of, or constitute a libel or slander against, or violate any common law or any other right of, any person or entity.” Terms of Use

 

24
Jan
08

Guia para jornalismo do cidadão | Cit-J Guide

Download – Citizen Media: An Introduction (English, PDF, 489 KB)

Global Voices é um projecto global de jornalismo do cidadão sem fins lucrativos, criado na Harvard Law School’s Berkman Center for Internet and Society. O seu objectivo é dar voz a pessoas comuns sobre sítios e situações sem visibilidade mediática.

Eles publicaram um pequeno guia para cidadãos jornalistas, com muitos recursos e dicas interessantes. Via New guide for citizen journalists ,por Mindy McAdams.

Global Voices Global Voices is a non-profit global citizens’ media project founded at Harvard Law School’s Berkman Center for Internet and Society. Their goal is to aggregate, curate, and amplify the global conversation online – shining light on places and people other media often ignore.

They published a useful guide for citizen journalists, with lots of tips and resources. Via New guide for citizen journalists , by Mindy McAdams.

 

 

08
Jan
08

JE Review- Sweeble.com

Mais uma das minhas reviews para o Journalism Enterprise

Another one of my Journalism Enterprise reviews

Rating: ★★★☆☆

What do they say it is?

Sweeble.com
was born out of the bottom of a bottle of wine at the dog end of a bad day in the newsroom.

It was the end result of hundreds of people’s stories rejected because they didn’t quite fit editorial standards – because they were too small, too personal, too one-sided or a story we’d already done and didn’t fancy doing again.

The news we tell each other as individuals, the stories we want to share, are rarely the ones we see in our newspapers, or on our TVs or hear on our radios. It shouldn’t be like that on the web too. The web needs an open space for news where anyone can tell everyone what’s going on around them, in their own bit of the world.

[…] Sweeble is the future of news on the net. It’s a future that will be built by its users. You decide what is news, you rate the writers, you choose what stories you see when you log on. That first eureka moment of designing sweeble’s editor-free concept was the start, from that we’ve built this cleverer-than-it-looks platform to let you run the asylum. Enjoy.”

What do I say it is?

Sweeble is a UK based website, in which all content is generated by users. The main idea is to allow people to present their news stories in an editor free environment, without restraints on subject or approach. In fact, the goal is to provide a space for personal approaches to off-mainstream stories. It’s more of a personal/individual project rather than a corporate effort. Hard-core Citizen Journalism.

What’s great about it?

You can post a text, with or without pics, and/or video. The page structure is quite simple and they tell you all you need to know in their tips and FAQ’s, from how to post to a quick guide about how to write your story, which you don’t see often. This shows that who’s running the place knows the job and aspires to have quality content.

You can personalize your account, so you can have your preferred subjects on your Sweeble’s homepage, and the idea of an ad section is good to create a community, but that part doesn’t seem to have much activity yet. But what caught my eye was the stark simplicity of the website.

What could be better?

Video is a strong argument for Sweeble, but there are some limitations: you can upload it to Sweeble, but not place it from YouTube, for example. Since you have to upload it, your video must be up to 50mb, which may not suffice to hold a longer interview or a home edited report (not really a problem now, but as users get more evolved in their storytelling this may happen). One annoying thing is that you can’t send the stories to a friend by email, nor embed the videos someplace else, though I managed to get them with VodPod. This happens due to the simple programming of the website, which handles well most features, but needs to be reviewed to allow Sweeble to grow (it’s still beta, I know). Another feature that could come up in the future is (audio)slideshows, but this is just a suggestion.

The user homepage options also suffer from the simple programming: few choices and radio buttons won’t do in the future.

One thing that annoyed me is the amount of times they emphasize legal implications over content, and how systematically they shake off any sort of responsibility. I know they must protect the website from any sort of legal liability, but it sounds too defensive. One short, clear disclamer would do.

How is it going to make money?

Google AdSense is there, along with smaller ads, and more publicity may come if they target the right companies: audio and video gear retailers or companies, mobile phone manufacturers, all that work with the semi-pro fringe. The citizen journalist is an expanding market niche.

Should I pay it any attention?

For sure. Sweeble is a good model for citizen journalism, that needs more promoting and live outside their own website – this means that they must, for instance, find some sort of synergy with other independent news projects, and reach the public. And, why not, promote basic journalism courses among their users. The aim is free, personal, quality stories, and I believe that they can go further than their original inebriated born of frustration idea, and build a true citizen news website. It all depends on what sort of effort they are willing to apply to truly make a difference.

04
Dez
07

“São as histórias, estúpidos!” | “It’s all about the stories, stupids!”

Há dias recebi um simpático email de um leitor brasileiro, referindo-se ao meu post “É a história, estúpido!”. Apesar do meu objectivo inicial ser abordar a validade dos novos media para fazer aquilo que se faz há anos- contar estórias jornalísticamente e informar o cidadão comum- este email refere outro ponto, extremamente importante, do impacto do jornalismo do cidadão e das novas formas de se relatar a realidade: a alteração da agenda noticiosa.

Se até agora os meios eram controlados por grupos económicos, também a informação dada era. Um dos assuntos dados nas aulas de jornalismo é o agenda setting, ou seja, que temas é que são noticiáveis (entrando aqui os factores de noticiabilidade). A verdade é que todos os dias podemos verificar uma concordância de temas abordados nos noticiários, mas porque é que há alguns assuntos que não surgem no alinhamento mediático? Há claro questões de espaço/tempo, mas porque é que algum desse espaço/tempo é ocupado com assuntos que não são realmente do interesse público (apesar de apaixonarem a opinião pública) em detrimento de outros assuntos talvez humanamente mais importantes?

Esta é uma discussão infindável e que engloba imperativos comerciais. O que o jornalismo do cidadão e as novas tecnologias disponíveis podem trazer de novo é furar esta lógica e realmente trazer à tona os assuntos que interessam a um grande número de cidadãos, que não vêem a sua realidade retratada nos blocos informativos. O Cláudio Martins explica o que acontece na sua realidade.

Leia o texto completo aqui.

A few days ago, i got a kind email from a brazilian reader referring to my post “It’s the story,stupid!”. Although my main goal was to approach the value of the new media to do what is being done for years – tell stories journalistically and inform the common citizen- this email refers another extremely important issue about the impact of citizen journalism and the new ways to report reality: the changing of the news agenda.

If, until now, the media was controlled by economic groups, so was the information given. One of the subjects teached at journalism classes is the agenda setting, i.e., which events are news(newsworthiness factors are included). The truth is that almost everyday we can verify a concordance of issues presented in the news, but why there are some that are left out of the mediatic alignment? Of course there are matters of time/space, but why does some of that time/space is taken with subjects that aren’t really of public interest (though they passionate the public opinion) in prejudice of issues problaby more humanely important?

This is a neverending discussion and that includes commercial imperatives. What citizen journalism and the new media can concur with is to baffle this logic and really bring to surface the issues that matter to a large number of citizens , that can’t see their reality portrayed in the news. Cláudio Martins explains what happens in his reality.

 

 

Read more here.

Continue a ler ‘“São as histórias, estúpidos!” | “It’s all about the stories, stupids!”’

29
Nov
07

Eu, Jornalista Cidadã | I, Journalist Citizen

“It’s not you, the journalist, it’s the institution,” Ms. CJ tells Mr. MSM. “You’re not telling the whole story. . . . You’ve lost your credibility.”

“Citizen journalism is bringing folks, young and old, into the public square, giving voice to those who, in the pre-Internet era, may have felt voiceless.”

“We, the citizen journalists, are figuring it out. You mainstream media folks are figuring it out. But whatever it is, there’s no going back. We’re here. Get used to it.”

 

 

Jose Antonio Vargas, jornalista do Washington Post, entrevistou Faye Anderson, cidadã jornalista. Em causa, a credibilidade, importância e repercussões do jornalismo do cidadão. A ler também a resposta dada por Billy Dennis a uma opinião de um crítico à possibilidade de todos podermos ser editores.

Links:

Storming the News Gatekeepers

I, Citizen Journalist

Blogging: We have met Big Brother, and it is us

Washington Post‘s journalist Jose Antonio Vargas interviewed Faye Anderson, citizen journalist, about the credibility, importance, and effects of citizen journalism. Read also the answer given by Billy Dennis to a critic’s opinion of the idea of anyone could be an editor.

Links:

Storming the News Gatekeepers

I, Citizen Journalist

Blogging: We have met Big Brother, and it is us

26
Nov
07

Escola do Jornalismo do Cidadão | Citizen Journalists School

A OhmyNews Citizen Journalism School é um centro comunitário de educação, dedicado ao ensino do jornalismo do cidadão e conteúdos produzidos por utilizadores, na Coreia do Sul. Esta escola está situada num ambiente rural, a hora e meia de Seoul, e foram precisos 4oo mil dólares para recuperar uma escola primária abandonada, e foi financiada pelo e planeada para (segundo dizem) o jornalismo do cidadão.

The OhmyNews Citizen Journalism School is a community education center focused on teaching citizen journalism and user created content, in South Korea. This school is placed in the countryside, 90 minutes from Seoul, and it took $400,000 to recover an abandoned elementary school, and it was funded by and planned for (so they say) citizen journalism.

A escola abriu no passado dia 24, e espera formar cerca de 60 mil jornalistas-cidadãos. As instalações incluem três salas de aula que podem acomodar cerca de 100 estudantes, uma residência com capacidade para albergar 50 pessoas, internet de banda larga em Wi-Fi e um campo desportivo.

Classes began last November 24th, and they aim for over 60,000 citizen journalists and netizens. Facilities will include three classrooms large enough to accommodate 100 students simultaneously and in-school lodging and dining capacity for 50 guests, broadband Internet access and blanket Wi-Fi coverage. It also has room for outdoor sports activities.

 

 

Os professores são jornalistas dos vários meios, cidadãos-repórter séniores da OhMyNews entre outros profissionais de diversas origens. O programa inclui introdução ao Jornalismo, workshops de escrita, e de fotografia e video digital. As aulas mais avançadas incluem técnicas de entrevista, workshops de jornalismo online para alunos universitários, e programas de reciclagem para jornalistas profissionais.

Será que seria possível fazer isto por cá?

The faculty will be composed of professional journalists from print, radio and television news and senior OhmyNews citizen reporters, with additional teaching staff with a variety of expertise and professional backgrounds.The education program will include journalism 101 classes for citizen reporters, writing workshops for new citizen reporters, and digital camera class customized for photo journalism and video news gathering. The advanced classes include interview techniques, internet journalism for college students and re-education programs for professional journalists.

Would this be possible around here?

Links: OhmyNews | Korea: OhmyNews! CitJ has a school

12
Nov
07

Sete Lições sobre o Jornalismo do Cidadão| Seven Lessons in Citizen Journalism

seven-lesson-ive-learned-teaching-citizen-journalists_1194851463093.png

Douglas McGill dá aulas de jornalismo a cidadãos comuns. Dessa experiência, ele retirou sete lições que mostram que o jornalismo do cidadão não é nenhum bicho de sete cabeças. A segunda e a sétima são as minhas favoritas: “Não há um substituto para um jornalismo forte, independente e institucional” e “Eu é que preciso de mudar”. A dica veio do PontoMedia.

 

Em resumo:

 

1- Os cidadãos são uma fonte inexplorada de sabedoria e energia cívica positiva que os jornalistas podem abrir. É possível usar a experiência dos cidadãos e a sua necessidade de participar em sociedade.

 

2-Não há substituto para um jornalismo fort, independente e institucional. Esta não precisa de explicações.

 

3-Os cidadãos podem ajudar os jornalistas a regressarem às origens. Eles vivem no mundo real, portanto conhecem as questões reais. Os jornalistas já vivem em redacções minadas por interesses comerciais.

 

4-Os jornalistas precisam de tanto de ter dotes de cidadania como os cidadãos precisam de aprender jornalismo. Porque muitas vezes nem uns nem outros têm realmente noção do que se passa do outro lado.

 

5-Uma boa aula de jornalismo do cidadão, como em qualquer grande jornal, permite todas as formas de expressão- artística, poética, literária, fotográfica, musical, cómica, divertida. Se é feito por pessoas terá que ser assim.

 

6-Os cidadãos criam uma forte consciência comunitária através da disciplina de escrever jornalisticamente. Como os conceitos dos alunos/cidadãos se expandem e ganham novas formas.

 

7-Eu é que preciso de mudar. Esta é a mais complicada de todas para muitos jornalistas. Será o jornalismo do cidadão o meteorito que irá extinguir os dinossauros?

 

Para mim o factor mais importante destas lições é a ideia que o jornalismo do cidadão é um acto cívico importante, e que os jornalistas deverão ser mais cidadãos, e menos empregados de um sistema. Se não não nos interessamos pelos assuntos que as pessoas se interessam, acabamos por ficar a falar sozinhos.

 

Leiam o artigo completo aqui

____________________________________________________________

Douglas McGill teaches journalism to common citizens. From that experience he drew seven lessons that show that citizen journalism is no monster. The second and seventh are my favorites: “There is no substitute for a strong, independent, institutional journalism” and “I’m the one who needs to change“.

To me the most important lesson to take from here is that citizen journalism is an important civic act, and that journalists must be a bit more citizens, and less a part in the machine. If we don’t care about what other people are talking about, we end end up talking to ourselves. A final question: is citizen journalism the meteorite that will extinguish the dinossaurs? Read the full article by McGill here.




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