Arquivo de Abril, 2009


Newspapers gave way to their own doom | Os jornais abriram o caminho à sua própria desgraça


Matthew Ingram raised a good question when writing about the new GoogleNews Timeline:

“Why couldn’t a news organization have done this?”

I’ll tell you why: they’re still in print, TV or radio mode, not web-wise. I see lots of online media who can’t even deliver a proper shovelware in their “2.0 design” websites. Their thinking is still linear, which is what the web environment isn’t. And because this is an industry that evolved a lot technologically in the gathering process, but not in the delivery, and only a small percentage of the staff was involved in that part, maybe they overlooked that side a bit too much. Things changed yet they didn’t.

The stir in the next few days will be all about the words of Michael Wolff that believes in “about 18 months from now, 80 percent of newspapers will be gone.” I think he’s wrong, but many newspapers are doing a heck of a job trying to prove him right.

Paul Bradshaw asks: “So what is really killing newspapers?

No one, but themselves.

O Matthew Ingram levantou uma boa questão ao falar da nova GoogleNews Timeline:

“Porque é que não foi uma organização jornalística a fazer isto?”

Eu digo-vos porquê: eles ainda estão no modo de rádio, TV, papel, não no de web. Eu vejo muitos media online que nem um shovelware em condições conseguem fazer nos seus sites de “design 2.0”. A sua lógica ainda é linear, que é exactamente o que o ambiente web não é. E porque isto é uma indústria que evoluiu muito tecnologicamente no processo de recolha, mas não muito no de distribuição, e apenas uma pequena percentagem do pessoal estava envolvida nessa parte, talvez tenham negligenciado demais esse lado. As coisas mudaram e eles não.

A agitação nos próximos dias será à volta das palavras de Michael Wolff que acredita que “daqui a 18 meses, 80% dos jornais desaparecerão”. Acho que ele está errado, mas há muitos jornais que estão a esforçar-se a sério para lhe dar razão.

O Paul Bradshaw pergunta: “O que é que está realmente a matar os jornais?”

Ninguém, a não ser eles mesmos.

Continue a ler ‘Newspapers gave way to their own doom | Os jornais abriram o caminho à sua própria desgraça’


Twitter Cartoon Day next Friday

Those who were already around last year must remember this. TwitterCartoonDay was one of the first and fastest memes in Twitter’s history, and also one of the funniest ones. And it’s happening again this Friday. For those who never heard of it, here’s the abridged version.

It all began one day when Paul Bradshaw used a  Dick Dastardly avatar and i suggested organizing a day using only avatars and backgrounds with our favorite cartoon and comic book characters. Back then, my modest network of a little bit over than 100 followers joined the party, especially across the Atlantic, among my brazillian followers, but Paul managed to mobilize lots of people in the UK and in the United States, creating one of the most interesting viral phenomena in a virtual community until then. Remember, a year ago there weren’t this much Twitter users, and most of them were communication and other more “serious”  professionals, that for one day, started discussing their cartoon preferences and their childhood memories, when they used to read comics under the blankets at night with a flashlight, or woke up real early every Saturday morning to sit in front of the TV and watch their favorite cartoon shows.


This Friday we’re bringing it back, this time in a tad different environment. We all know that Twitter had an exponential growth in these last few months, and it is not as an innocent space as it was. But it is still a good place for sharing, and especially, for having fun. There are some details that need to be worked out, but Paul and i already decided a few things: this year’s tag will be #twoonday (last time it was a long #twittercartoonday) and i’ll be putting a map up so you can share your avatars. There is also a Flickr group from last year where you can see some of the participations from that day, and that can be used again this year. There will be other news about this throughout this week , so look out for them.

And if you didn’t  get what the Twitter Cartoon Day is for, i’ll explain: it’s for you to have fun.


Links for today | Links para hoje

Often, as multimedia producers, we are given work to edit that others have created. Some things simply cannot be changed, like an out-of-focus photograph. But there are some things we can do right now to improve the work no matter how challenging the original assets may be.

(Note: This list is not meant to be dogmatic. I’ve broken all these rules. They’re offered as a suggested starting point.)

A program of the Knight Chair in Journalism and the UNESCO Chair in Communication at the University of Texas at Austin.

Below are the peer-reviewed research papers that were selected for presentation for the second day of the symposium event. Listed in alphabetic order.


Why Should we Expect Worlds to Collide? A Case Study Analysis of “Jornal de Notícias” and its Strategic Production Changes
by Luís Antonio Santos and Manuel Pinto
no abstract is available
>> Download PDF

Speaking at the International Online Journalism Symposium at UT Austin in Texas, Rachel Nixon, Global News Director at talked about a new news cycle.

The ability of people to witness and report the news to their network – Facebook, Twitter, etc – creates a emerging news cycle, argued Nixon.

In the past, she said, someone would witness an event, tell a reporter, who would filter and process the information, before feeding it back to the public as a produced news story.

Now people can share with each other what they saw or experienced, but “90% of the time, these people are not journalists.”

Nixon wanted to dispel some of the misconceptions about the notion of “citizen journalism”: primarily the idea that amateurs would replace professionals.

With the advertising market diving yet deeper, spoiled readers that will turn their backs on you if you put on a paywall, the tip-jar model is appealing.

What these examples show is that it can’t replace any traditional sources of income. At best, it can be considered pocket money.

The most successful examples here, Follow the Media (FTM) and, to a certain extent, the Berkeley Daily Planet, relied both heavily on dramatization. If you don’t pay, they said, we will leave.

My internship at the Herald was not, in many ways, ideal.
Four weeks into my internship, the next round of newsroom layoffs was announced. Three weeks later, they were implemented.
Those three weeks were tense and quiet. The silence was the most unnerving. A few rumors swirled, but nothing like what you would expect from a room full of journalists.
People talked about furloughs and discussed privately whose jobs they thought were in trouble.
Then the layoffs came, and everyone from secretaries to editors were crying in the bathroom.
Being an intern during that time was draining. I wasn’t completely a spectator, but I wasn’t participating either.
My job wasn’t at stake, and my career wasn’t on the line. As an editor darkly noted later, I didn’t even take a pay cut.
But I was watching my future collapse around me.

Continue a ler ‘Links for today | Links para hoje’


Links for today | Links para hoje

Portuguese public television explains the process of making a news broadcast


The thing is, it’s easy to look back and judge newspaper companies for missing opportunities. It seems so obvious. But it’s much harder to make the right investment or business decision at the right time than it is to decide what would have been best when looking back.

I’m not saying that newspapers have done everything right, because they haven’t. But I do think that they’ve done more than most people give them credit for. Maybe even all they can do.

Media moguls—journalism moguls, anyway—need two sets of skills. They have to be able to select and package material from the world in a way that gives it order and narrative drive and swagger. They also have to forge, through creativity, cunning, and force, a set of arrangements with customers, competitors, governments, advertisers, production facilities, and distribution networks which can generate a lot of money. Even in an era of focus groups and marketing research, any news publication that attracts an audience has to have a personality, which means that it has to bear the stamp of a real person. (That person doesn’t have to be glamorous or trendy; he or she just has to have an industrial-strength sensibility—think of DeWitt Wallace, of Reader’s Digest, or Michael Bloomberg.) Often, the personality remains, preserved by successors, long after the original mogul is gone.

The public toilet is not the place where you want to hang out, converse, and connect with your neighbors. It is quite the opposite, you are in and out and don’t stop to open your eyes or nose to the environment. This is exactly how I feel every time I venture into the forums of our local paper (why did I come in here and how fast can I get out?).

Merlin continues his observation to support his claim:

If you just give people an opportunity to dive bomb in and say one thing and go away it’s not a conversation, it’s scrawl. When you turn on comments, when you encourage community, when encourage any of that, you also take on a responsibility to manage a certain expectation. Anytime you turn on a community aspect it not only needs moderation of some kind, but you are obligated to listen, respond and then show how that input had an impact on what you do.

The Dallas Morning News launched a print-only community newspaper called Neighbors in 2005 and, two years later, turned it into neighborsgo and launched a corresponding Web site under the direction of managing editor Oscar Martinez.

The idea behind the project: offer readers a place to publish their news on a separate area of the Morning News Web site with the lure of print publication for the best stuff. In addition to the Web site, 18 different print editions were launched, each targeting a separate geographic area.

The readers responded. Editors were inundated with submissions and emails. And, the way Martinez views it, print provided the motivation for most people.

With this method, a writer or editor can use a Twitter account to publish breaking news directly to a Web site without any technical skills required. After a one-time setup, headlines or breaking news updates sent with this method will appear seamlessly on the Web site, matching the appearance of existing styles on the page. The headline can be easily replaced or removed without any technial knowledge. And the publishing occurs entirely via e-mail so that reporters with e-mail capable cell phones can send updates directly to the Web site from the field using this technique.

Optionally, the technique can be set up to mask the origin of the updates on Twitter. This guide includes instructions for two ways of setting up the system: one with a standard link to the Twitter account’s home page and a second one that obscures the origin of the post on Twitter.

Continue a ler ‘Links for today | Links para hoje’


Links for today | Links para hoje

Recently, I enjoyed a refreshing and invigorating dinner with Walt Mossberg. While we casually discussed our most current endeavors and experiences, the discussion shifted to deep conversation about the future of journalism in the era of socialized media with one simple question, “are newspapers worth saving?”

Walt thought for no more than two seconds and assertively replied, “It’s the wrong question to ask. The real question we should ask is if whether or not we can save good journalism.” He continued, “Think about it. Of the hundreds, thousands, of newspapers around the country, there are really only a few that matter. Good journalism and journalists, on the other hand, are worth saving.”

“Doug Feaver has an interesting story in the Washington Post ‘in defense of the anonymous, unmoderated, often appallingly inaccurate, sometimes profane, frequently off point and occasionally racist reader comments that allows to be published at the end of articles and blogs.’ Feaver says that during his seven-year tenure as editor and executive editor of he kept un-moderated comments off the site, but now, four years after retiring, he says he has come to think that online comments are a terrific addition to the conversation, and that journalists need to take them seriously.

europe_online_usage_stats.pngMicrosoft, in a new report about Internet usage in Europe, predicts that the Internet will overtake TV as the most consumed form of media in Europe by the middle of next year. Broadband connections in Europe have grown by 95% in the last five years and the average European now spends about 8.9 hours per week online. Microsoft also predicts that over the next 5 years, usage patterns will shift away from traditional PCs to other web enabled devices like game consoles, IPTV, and mobile phones.

Online Penetration in Europe

There is still a clear North/South divide when it comes to Internet penetration levels in Europe. While all the Scandinavian countries and the Netherlands are highly connected, with penetration rates over 80%, countries in Southern Europe like Greece, Turkey, or Portugal hover around 40%.

Everywhere you look there are dark signs for newspapers: bankruptcies, less print editions, the threat of closings in San Francisco and Boston, layoffs and pay cuts. But the journalism of newspapers will live on in digital form online. How will this after-life look? We brought together five people for the latest episode of 5Across who are working for newspapers — or who have worked for them in the past and are now making their own independent forays online — to discuss what’s working now and what will work in the future.

This was not a disussion about gloom and doom, but about things that these folks could see working at the ground level in their own experience. The informal talk ranged from business models to building site loyalty to how people can network online through “goodness” and not just trying to game the system.

In a poll of prominent members of the national news media, nearly two-thirds say the Internet is hurting journalism more than it is helping. The poll, conducted by The Atlantic and National Journal, asked 43 media insiders whether, on balance, journalism has been helped more or hurt more by the rise of news consumption online. Sixty-five percent said journalism has been hurt more, while 34 percent said it has been helped more.

The media insiders were also asked about coverage of President Obama. Of 45 respondents, 71 percent say it has been “about right,” 22 percent say it’s been “too easy” and 7 percent say it has been “too tough.”

Those who say that news consumption on the Internet is, on balance, hurting journalism note the way the online experience is changing reader habits.The “hurt more” group also says that while the Internet offers benefits, the cost to traditional media and news-gathering is too high.

Social Networks are among the most powerful examples of socialized media. They create a dynamic ecosystem that incubates and nurtures relationships between people and the content they create and share.

As these communities permeate and reshape our lifestyle and how we communicate with one another, we’re involuntarily forcing advertisers and marketers to rapidly evolve how they vie for our attention.

Facebook, MySpace, Twitter, Yelp, and other online communities transformed the regimen and practice of marketing “at” people into an opportunity to engage and interact with us ? on our terms. It is the zeitgeist of socialized media and it’s manifesting into an obsession for branding, advertising, “viral,” marketing, and communications experts and professionals worldwide.

This is the 12th post in a series titled “Reporter’s Guide to Multimedia Proficiency.” In the 11th post, I wrote about how to ensure that you have a story worth telling with photos and audio, and how to construct it, story-wise, to make it communicate effectively. In this post I’ll discuss how to translate those principles to video, and I’ll also go over shooting techniques for Web video.

Previous posts in this series:

Continue a ler ‘Links for today | Links para hoje’


Links for Today | Links para hoje

  • Journalism is a process – not a product.
  • Collaboration is Queen
  • Media is an act of community organizing
  • Community Funded Reporting
  • Journalism will survive the death of its institutions.
  • Hyper-local
  • Computational Journalism
  • New Media skill set
  • New Media mind set
  • Journalism (yes… I get that bold)
  • Professional journalism

Drop what you’re doing and take 30 minutes to listen to Brooke Gladstone’s interview with Lee Rainie for the latest edition of On the Media. The two discuss the results of the Pew Center’s latest survey on the future of the Internet.

No, not even 600 “experts” can predict the future. But the discussion of the trends, implications and opportunities that will evolve in the digital age is insightful and, at least to an optimist like me, inspiring.

Among the highlights:

  • The Internet will become completely ubiquitous. Half the survey respondents think that’s a good thing, half think it’s a bad thing.
  • No matter which side of the fence you’re on, Gladstone and Rainie end up agreeing that human nature is what will be revealed. We can’t blame technology.
  • Digital connectivity among people is an additive function. It does not replace offline networking. In other words, people are not more lonely or spend less time socially in the real world because of the digital connectivity.

  • We’ll become ridiculously mobile.

  • There’s nothing easier than audio content, right? Just fire up your recording software or teleseminar service and start talking away….

    Well, sure… but “easy to create” doesn’t guarantee anyone will listen (or keep listening). Take some time to structure and prepare for your recording, however, and you can crank out exceptionally engaging audio content that still only takes a fraction of the time that polished writing would.

    Even though you’re not producing written content, what you put down on paper before you record will make all the difference. Let’s look at outlining your audio presentation first before discussing the copywriting techniques that work as well for audio as they do for text.

    The great thing about multimedia journalism is that it provides so much choice for treating stories. Do I write a straight article? Upload an mp3 interview? Produce a video package? An audio slideshow? An interactive map? Even a timeline?

    “When it comes to compiling online news, the AP wants to out-Google Google. The Web search giant “has a wacky algorithm” for collecting news stories, AP Chief Executive Tom Curley says in an interview. “It does not lead people to authoritative sources.”

    As an alternative, Curley plans to create “landing pages” that would host articles from any news sources that allow their headlines on the site. Participating outlets would share revenue generated by ads placed on those pages, “monetizing content in an ecosystem that would be different from the Google ecosystem,” Curley says. The sites would include both national and local media outlets. “There are some pretty exciting ways to showcase some of the core features of local newspapers,” Curley adds.”

    Continue a ler ‘Links for Today | Links para hoje’


    Seminário, Conferência, Congresso e Prémio


    A Conferência ‘Jornalismo na Europa: Quem precisa de Regulação?’, promovida pelo Centro de Estudos de Comunicação e Sociedade e que terá lugar no dia 15 de Maio de 2009, no Auditório B1 da Universidade do Minho

    O Congresso debruçar-se-á sobre os contextos sociais, políticos, económicos e culturais das questões de género nos media e na comunicação, acolhendo propostas nos seguintes temas:

    – Espaço Público, interculturalidade e género;
    – Media e sexualidades;
    – Novos Media, cibercultura e género;
    – Género e práticas de consumo/recepção;
    – Género e Culturas Visuais;
    – Género, Saúde e Educação.

    Até 31 de Maio estão abertas as inscrições para o Prémio Europeu de Jovens Jornalistas 2009, uma iniciativa da Direcção-Geral para o Alargamento da Comissão Europeia, em cooperação com a European Youth Press Association e a Café Babel, dirigida a aspirantes a jornalistas e jovens profissionais de toda a Europa, com idades entre os 17 e os 35 anos.

    (Obrigado Rita)

    Continue a ler ‘Seminário, Conferência, Congresso e Prémio’

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