Arquivo de Abril, 2009


Links for today | Links para hoje

Portuguese public television explains the process of making a news broadcast


The thing is, it’s easy to look back and judge newspaper companies for missing opportunities. It seems so obvious. But it’s much harder to make the right investment or business decision at the right time than it is to decide what would have been best when looking back.

I’m not saying that newspapers have done everything right, because they haven’t. But I do think that they’ve done more than most people give them credit for. Maybe even all they can do.

Media moguls—journalism moguls, anyway—need two sets of skills. They have to be able to select and package material from the world in a way that gives it order and narrative drive and swagger. They also have to forge, through creativity, cunning, and force, a set of arrangements with customers, competitors, governments, advertisers, production facilities, and distribution networks which can generate a lot of money. Even in an era of focus groups and marketing research, any news publication that attracts an audience has to have a personality, which means that it has to bear the stamp of a real person. (That person doesn’t have to be glamorous or trendy; he or she just has to have an industrial-strength sensibility—think of DeWitt Wallace, of Reader’s Digest, or Michael Bloomberg.) Often, the personality remains, preserved by successors, long after the original mogul is gone.

The public toilet is not the place where you want to hang out, converse, and connect with your neighbors. It is quite the opposite, you are in and out and don’t stop to open your eyes or nose to the environment. This is exactly how I feel every time I venture into the forums of our local paper (why did I come in here and how fast can I get out?).

Merlin continues his observation to support his claim:

If you just give people an opportunity to dive bomb in and say one thing and go away it’s not a conversation, it’s scrawl. When you turn on comments, when you encourage community, when encourage any of that, you also take on a responsibility to manage a certain expectation. Anytime you turn on a community aspect it not only needs moderation of some kind, but you are obligated to listen, respond and then show how that input had an impact on what you do.

The Dallas Morning News launched a print-only community newspaper called Neighbors in 2005 and, two years later, turned it into neighborsgo and launched a corresponding Web site under the direction of managing editor Oscar Martinez.

The idea behind the project: offer readers a place to publish their news on a separate area of the Morning News Web site with the lure of print publication for the best stuff. In addition to the Web site, 18 different print editions were launched, each targeting a separate geographic area.

The readers responded. Editors were inundated with submissions and emails. And, the way Martinez views it, print provided the motivation for most people.

With this method, a writer or editor can use a Twitter account to publish breaking news directly to a Web site without any technical skills required. After a one-time setup, headlines or breaking news updates sent with this method will appear seamlessly on the Web site, matching the appearance of existing styles on the page. The headline can be easily replaced or removed without any technial knowledge. And the publishing occurs entirely via e-mail so that reporters with e-mail capable cell phones can send updates directly to the Web site from the field using this technique.

Optionally, the technique can be set up to mask the origin of the updates on Twitter. This guide includes instructions for two ways of setting up the system: one with a standard link to the Twitter account’s home page and a second one that obscures the origin of the post on Twitter.

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Links for today | Links para hoje

Recently, I enjoyed a refreshing and invigorating dinner with Walt Mossberg. While we casually discussed our most current endeavors and experiences, the discussion shifted to deep conversation about the future of journalism in the era of socialized media with one simple question, “are newspapers worth saving?”

Walt thought for no more than two seconds and assertively replied, “It’s the wrong question to ask. The real question we should ask is if whether or not we can save good journalism.” He continued, “Think about it. Of the hundreds, thousands, of newspapers around the country, there are really only a few that matter. Good journalism and journalists, on the other hand, are worth saving.”

“Doug Feaver has an interesting story in the Washington Post ‘in defense of the anonymous, unmoderated, often appallingly inaccurate, sometimes profane, frequently off point and occasionally racist reader comments that allows to be published at the end of articles and blogs.’ Feaver says that during his seven-year tenure as editor and executive editor of he kept un-moderated comments off the site, but now, four years after retiring, he says he has come to think that online comments are a terrific addition to the conversation, and that journalists need to take them seriously.

europe_online_usage_stats.pngMicrosoft, in a new report about Internet usage in Europe, predicts that the Internet will overtake TV as the most consumed form of media in Europe by the middle of next year. Broadband connections in Europe have grown by 95% in the last five years and the average European now spends about 8.9 hours per week online. Microsoft also predicts that over the next 5 years, usage patterns will shift away from traditional PCs to other web enabled devices like game consoles, IPTV, and mobile phones.

Online Penetration in Europe

There is still a clear North/South divide when it comes to Internet penetration levels in Europe. While all the Scandinavian countries and the Netherlands are highly connected, with penetration rates over 80%, countries in Southern Europe like Greece, Turkey, or Portugal hover around 40%.

Everywhere you look there are dark signs for newspapers: bankruptcies, less print editions, the threat of closings in San Francisco and Boston, layoffs and pay cuts. But the journalism of newspapers will live on in digital form online. How will this after-life look? We brought together five people for the latest episode of 5Across who are working for newspapers — or who have worked for them in the past and are now making their own independent forays online — to discuss what’s working now and what will work in the future.

This was not a disussion about gloom and doom, but about things that these folks could see working at the ground level in their own experience. The informal talk ranged from business models to building site loyalty to how people can network online through “goodness” and not just trying to game the system.

In a poll of prominent members of the national news media, nearly two-thirds say the Internet is hurting journalism more than it is helping. The poll, conducted by The Atlantic and National Journal, asked 43 media insiders whether, on balance, journalism has been helped more or hurt more by the rise of news consumption online. Sixty-five percent said journalism has been hurt more, while 34 percent said it has been helped more.

The media insiders were also asked about coverage of President Obama. Of 45 respondents, 71 percent say it has been “about right,” 22 percent say it’s been “too easy” and 7 percent say it has been “too tough.”

Those who say that news consumption on the Internet is, on balance, hurting journalism note the way the online experience is changing reader habits.The “hurt more” group also says that while the Internet offers benefits, the cost to traditional media and news-gathering is too high.

Social Networks are among the most powerful examples of socialized media. They create a dynamic ecosystem that incubates and nurtures relationships between people and the content they create and share.

As these communities permeate and reshape our lifestyle and how we communicate with one another, we’re involuntarily forcing advertisers and marketers to rapidly evolve how they vie for our attention.

Facebook, MySpace, Twitter, Yelp, and other online communities transformed the regimen and practice of marketing “at” people into an opportunity to engage and interact with us ? on our terms. It is the zeitgeist of socialized media and it’s manifesting into an obsession for branding, advertising, “viral,” marketing, and communications experts and professionals worldwide.

This is the 12th post in a series titled “Reporter’s Guide to Multimedia Proficiency.” In the 11th post, I wrote about how to ensure that you have a story worth telling with photos and audio, and how to construct it, story-wise, to make it communicate effectively. In this post I’ll discuss how to translate those principles to video, and I’ll also go over shooting techniques for Web video.

Previous posts in this series:

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Links for Today | Links para hoje

  • Journalism is a process – not a product.
  • Collaboration is Queen
  • Media is an act of community organizing
  • Community Funded Reporting
  • Journalism will survive the death of its institutions.
  • Hyper-local
  • Computational Journalism
  • New Media skill set
  • New Media mind set
  • Journalism (yes… I get that bold)
  • Professional journalism

Drop what you’re doing and take 30 minutes to listen to Brooke Gladstone’s interview with Lee Rainie for the latest edition of On the Media. The two discuss the results of the Pew Center’s latest survey on the future of the Internet.

No, not even 600 “experts” can predict the future. But the discussion of the trends, implications and opportunities that will evolve in the digital age is insightful and, at least to an optimist like me, inspiring.

Among the highlights:

  • The Internet will become completely ubiquitous. Half the survey respondents think that’s a good thing, half think it’s a bad thing.
  • No matter which side of the fence you’re on, Gladstone and Rainie end up agreeing that human nature is what will be revealed. We can’t blame technology.
  • Digital connectivity among people is an additive function. It does not replace offline networking. In other words, people are not more lonely or spend less time socially in the real world because of the digital connectivity.

  • We’ll become ridiculously mobile.

  • There’s nothing easier than audio content, right? Just fire up your recording software or teleseminar service and start talking away….

    Well, sure… but “easy to create” doesn’t guarantee anyone will listen (or keep listening). Take some time to structure and prepare for your recording, however, and you can crank out exceptionally engaging audio content that still only takes a fraction of the time that polished writing would.

    Even though you’re not producing written content, what you put down on paper before you record will make all the difference. Let’s look at outlining your audio presentation first before discussing the copywriting techniques that work as well for audio as they do for text.

    The great thing about multimedia journalism is that it provides so much choice for treating stories. Do I write a straight article? Upload an mp3 interview? Produce a video package? An audio slideshow? An interactive map? Even a timeline?

    “When it comes to compiling online news, the AP wants to out-Google Google. The Web search giant “has a wacky algorithm” for collecting news stories, AP Chief Executive Tom Curley says in an interview. “It does not lead people to authoritative sources.”

    As an alternative, Curley plans to create “landing pages” that would host articles from any news sources that allow their headlines on the site. Participating outlets would share revenue generated by ads placed on those pages, “monetizing content in an ecosystem that would be different from the Google ecosystem,” Curley says. The sites would include both national and local media outlets. “There are some pretty exciting ways to showcase some of the core features of local newspapers,” Curley adds.”

    Continue a ler ‘Links for Today | Links para hoje’


    Seminário, Conferência, Congresso e Prémio


    A Conferência ‘Jornalismo na Europa: Quem precisa de Regulação?’, promovida pelo Centro de Estudos de Comunicação e Sociedade e que terá lugar no dia 15 de Maio de 2009, no Auditório B1 da Universidade do Minho

    O Congresso debruçar-se-á sobre os contextos sociais, políticos, económicos e culturais das questões de género nos media e na comunicação, acolhendo propostas nos seguintes temas:

    – Espaço Público, interculturalidade e género;
    – Media e sexualidades;
    – Novos Media, cibercultura e género;
    – Género e práticas de consumo/recepção;
    – Género e Culturas Visuais;
    – Género, Saúde e Educação.

    Até 31 de Maio estão abertas as inscrições para o Prémio Europeu de Jovens Jornalistas 2009, uma iniciativa da Direcção-Geral para o Alargamento da Comissão Europeia, em cooperação com a European Youth Press Association e a Café Babel, dirigida a aspirantes a jornalistas e jovens profissionais de toda a Europa, com idades entre os 17 e os 35 anos.

    (Obrigado Rita)

    Continue a ler ‘Seminário, Conferência, Congresso e Prémio’


    Links for today | Links para hoje

    In four years it has gone from upstart to online powerhouse – and now it wants to branch out into news. Is the Huffington Post ready to replace the ailing US newspaper industry? Ed Pilkington investigates

    The Huffington Post, the New York-based liberal blog, announced it was setting up a $1.75m fund to help fill the gap left by the decimation of US investigative teams.

    The initiative, said the site’s founder, Arianna Huffington, was an attempt to preserve good journalism in America. “For too long,” she said, “we’ve had too many autopsies and not enough biopsies. The HuffFund is our attempt to change this.”

    The aim is to dig away at weighty subjects, starting with the economic crisis. The fund will provide for up to 10 staff, supplemented by freelancers, many of them old media stalwarts sacked from failing news institutions.

    The fact that the rescue mission is being launched under the flag of the HuffPo – a blog best known for its vibrant commentary rather than news – underlines the blurring effect of the internet revolution. Blogs are inheriting the investigative work of newspapers; newspapers are blogging.


    1. Tell a story. Don’t just slap on an interview in which someone explains something.
    2. Provide context. Why are these people doing this, or what’s the purpose of the event?


    1. Combine audio and photos in a way that misleads (for example, we hear one person singing while we see a photo of a different person singing).

    Hoy digo que Microsiervos dice que Antxon dijo en su Twitter que Javier Godoy dijo:
    Paso de leer el periódico. Si hay algo importante lo leeré en Twitter“. ¿Alguien más va a decirlo?

    Más cadenas. Allendegui, en Lo que cuesta hacer buen periodismo, recoge un párrafo donde el editor de la revista del New York Times, Gerald Marzorati, dice: “Una historia de portada de la revista del Times, sumando lo que se le paga al autor y los gastos de viaje, sin contar la edición, la verificación de datos y la fotografía, suma más de 40.000 dólares, y si es en zona de guerra mucho más. ¿Todavía tenemos el tiempo para hacer estos reportajes y leerlos?“.

    What’s more important to you, as a journalist: Being pure to the ways that things have been done in the past, or adapting to remain relevant and influential in your community in the future?

    A thorough discussion of all the conventions within the journalism industry that now inhibit the industry’s competitiveness would fill at least one hefty book. So I’ll bring up just two in my effort to advance this conversation.

    First, the newspaper industry has long relied on having a large group of editors look at a story before print to ensure its accuracy. That structure, in turn, allowed profit-hungry newspapers to hire less experienced reporters with little or no expertise in the subject that they were called upon to cover. They didn’t need expert writers to ensure accuracy; they had a process to do that.

    Over the past decade, that process has changed, however. With staff blogs, many newspapers are letting reporters publish without any layer of advance editing. And newsroom layoffs have sharply reduced the number of individuals who look at copy elsewhere before it gets to print or the Web.

    Yet layoffs have cost print newsrooms many of their most experienced writers, leaving those under-trained and less-experienced reporters to cover the community – without the backstop of extensive editing that was supposed to cover for their inexperience.

    The demise of monopoly-driven profit margins will keep newsrooms from again staffing copy desks back to those levels. So journalism must change the way it trains and hires reporters, in response. We now need writers who have more practical expertise and academic training in the beats that they will cover, so they can take more responsibility for the accuracy of their work, without editing assistance. It’s not enough for aspiring journalists to study how to craft a story – they must bring also a passion for and training in a beat to cover.

    The challenge that journalism has always been facing is to be financed. The cost of information has never been fully covered by the end customer. Revenue sources vary by media and by countries. Today, advertising is the main — and very large — source of revenue. But, governments, special interest groups, readers (for print), foundations…, also contribute to the financing of information.

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    4th international Journalism Meeting | IV JORNADAS INTERNACIONAIS DE JORNALISMO

    The Fernando Pessoa University will hold the 4th International Journalism Meeting this Saturday, an event that will gather journalists and academics from Portugal, Spain and Brazil. You can follow it live at the Comunicamos blog.

    A Universidade Fernando Pessoa vai receber as IV Jornadas Internacionais de Jornalismo este Sábado,  um evento que reúne jornalistas e académicos de Portugal, Espanha e Brasil. Podem seguir tudo em directo através do blog Comunicamos.

    As Jornadas Internacionais de Jornalismo, cuja quarta edição se celebra em 2009, são um património da comunidade lusófona de pesquisadores em Jornalismo, incluindo aqui, em especial, os pesquisadores galegos, brasileiros e portugueses, mas também os pesquisadores dos países irmãos hispânicos, em especial da Espanha. Centenas de pesquisas e reflexões sobre jornalismo têm sido apresentadas durante as Jornadas e nos congressos que as antecederam (congressos luso-brasileiros e luso-galegos de estudos jornalísticos), por convite ou autoproposta, por pesquisadores de diferentes países, abarcando temas como: a teoria do jornalismo; a história do jornalismo; o direito, ética e deontologia do jornalismo; as análises do discurso jornalístico; jornalismo, cultura, sociedade e democracia; produtos jornalísticos e produção jornalística; gestão das empresas jornalísticas; marketing jornalístico; comunicação política e jornalismo; jornalismos especializados; jornalismo público; parajornalismos; assessoria de imprensa, etc.

    As Jornadas Internacionais de Jornalismo transcendem, assim, a comunidade educativa da Universidade Fernando Pessoa, onde nasceram e onde têm sido albergadas. Prova disso, às IV Jornadas Internacionais de Jornalismo associaram-se, como parceiros na organização do evento, através dos seus cursos de Comunicação, a Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, a Escola Superior de Educação de Coimbra, a Escola Superior de Educação de Leiria e o Instituto Politécnico de Portalegre. Também a Escola Superior de Educação de Viseu, igualmente através do seu curso de Comunicação, embora não sendo parceira formal da organização, é uma instituição que desde sempre se tem associado à iniciativa, razão pela qual tem um estatuto especial.

    Continue a ler ‘4th international Journalism Meeting | IV JORNADAS INTERNACIONAIS DE JORNALISMO’


    Links for the weekend | Links para o fim de semana

    The Globe and Mail’s Matthew Ingram is sharing the workshop about Twitter he held for some of the journalists at the newspaper.

    What makes a story memorable? Is it the plot; the setting; the characters; use of imagery and figurative language? Although these are standards in written stories, there are additional elements in visual storytelling that must be taken into account.

    Stories originally were told orally – through words and gestures by common folk and master storytellers. The master storyteller used pacing of words and sentences, choice of words, facial expressions and gestures with arms and hands and even whole body movements to hold the audience’s attention.

    via NewsVideographer (check the other tips here)

    The media overall had a terrible year in 2008 with the newspaper and magazine segments being hit the hardest and the cable TV industry providing the single bright spot. Cable networks actually increased their newsroom investments by an average of 7% during the year, with CNN adding bureaus in 10 cities. This modest growth wasn’t nearly enough to make up for the huge cost cuts in other media, though. By the end of 2008, all three TV networks had pulled their embedded reporters from Iraq. Newspaper circulations continued to decline; Sunday readership is off 17% since 2001.

    The biggest disaster was in news magazines, with only one in four Americans reporting they’ve read one the day before. Time, which invented the genre, may be the only one left pretty soon, the report says.

    Me sumo al muy buen post de Tinta Digital que se ocupa de los Medios y los links. Esther Vargas, la autora, hace un repaso de varios análisis realizados por otros tantos periodistas. En resumen muestra su preocupación por el poco unos del hipervínculo que se hace desde los medios periodísticos digitales, no sólo hacia sitios externos, sino hacia su propio medio con artículos anteriores.

    En el caso de Argentina, es más que evidente esta falta de interés en usar una de las herramientas más potentes y necesarias del periodismo on line: el enlace.

    click and find out

    click and find out

    With all the different ways to present a news story online, many often ask how they should select the multimedia tool that is best for a particular story. There is never any concrete answer, but with the multimedia picker embedded below, you can at least have an idea of which technology will work best to showcase a story or idea.

    The digital revolution is remaking the idea of civic engagement and re-connecting journalism to community is both a challenge and a promise

    Digital media provide exciting tools for connecting people and millions are online in social networks discussing matters both important and trivial. Being a link in the network, rather than owning it, challenges journalists and news organizations to re-establish community connections they severed long before the Internet grabbed center stage. Partnerships of journalists and citizens hold promise for the future of news. But rather than asking if citizens can learn journalism, why not ask if journalists can learn civic engagement?

    Continue a ler ‘Links for the weekend | Links para o fim de semana’


    New Life | Vida Nova

    Life is the mother of american photojournalism magazines. So when Time Inc. decided to fold the print magazine two years ago, there was a huge void in the news landscape, where tradition and History once stood. Google joined efforts with Time last year to keep Life’s legacy alive, creating a photo archive that managed 110 years of pictures. Valuable, but no where close to where the Life brand should be.

    But yesterday, their new website was launched. is a partnership between Time Inc.  and Getty images, and is a dynamic presentation of present day photojournalism, and archive pictures, starting in the 1850’s. The new website has lots of features like celebrity curators, user and editor’s pick and theme areas. Life ‘s iconic value has been  recovered, and even more, it has stepped into a new age.

    A Life é a mãe das revistas americanas de fotojornalismo. Por isso, quando a Time Inc. decidiu fechar a revista em papel há dois anos, ficou um enorme vazio na paisagem noticiosa, onde antes se associaram tradição e História. O Google uniu esforços com a Time no ano passado para manter o legado da Life vivo, criando um arquivo fotográfico que abrangia 110 anos de fotos. Valioso, mas abaixo do valor da marca Life.

    Mas ontem lançaram o seu novo website. O é uma parceria entre a Time Inc. e a Getty Images, e é uma apresentação dinâmica do fotojornalismo actual, e imagens de arquivo, que começa em 1850. O novo site tem áreas temáticas, escolhas de celebridades, escolhas do editor e do utilizador. O valor icónico da Life foi recuperado, e , mais do que isso, foi transportado para uma nova era.

    Continue a ler ‘New Life | Vida Nova’


    Slideshow – Multimedia Journalism: the transition to digital storytelling

    One of my favorite blogs these days is Tracy Boyer’s Innovative Interactivity. I’ve been learning a lot from her on how to develop multimedia journalism projects, whether from cool tutorials or great examples of multimedia storytelling.

    She made this slideshow for a presentation that gathers much of the information i already shared here with you before. It is a must see, and you can click on the examples she gives to see the original projects in full. If you’re a student or just eager to learn about multimedia this is perfect for you.

    Um dos meus blogs favoritos hoje em dia é o Innovative Interactivity da Tracy Boyer. Tenho aprendido muito com ela sobre como desenvolver projectos de jornalismo multimédia, através de tutoriais ou grandes exemplos de narrativas digitais.

    Ela fez este slideshow para uma apresentação que junta muita da informação que já partilhei aqui com vocês. É imprescindível, e podem clicar nos exemplos dados para ver os projectos originais por completo. Se são estudantes ou têm apenas vontade de aprender multimédia isto é perfeito para vocês.

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    Who has the biggest sheet? | Quem tem o maior lençol?

    Who's bigger | Quem a tem maior

    Luis Santos did a small comparison between the size of different portuguese news websites’ frontpages. DN, that had his page revamped last week has the longest. And in your country, who has the biggest home?

    O Luís Santos do Atrium fez uma pequena comparação do tamanho das páginas de entrada de sites informativos nacionais. O DN, que fez a sua renovação gráfica a semana passada tem a mais comprida.

    Os últimos são mesmo os primeiros… contrariando a tendência do momento (de maior sobriedade, notória, por exemplo, aqui) o Diário de Notícias bate todos os outros por uma margem substancial…eu diria que quase tem um ecrã a mais do que o Expresso (2º, nesta curiosa ordenação).
    A mais pequena é a da Rádio Renascença, seguida pela TVI, RTP e SIC.
    Uma outra curiosidade – parece consensualizada em Portugal a noção de que os conteúdos devem aparecer ordenados fundamentalmente em três colunas.

    Luís Santos

    Continue a ler ‘Who has the biggest sheet? | Quem tem o maior lençol?’

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