Arquivo de Dezembro, 2008


Responsibility | Responsabilidade


Paulo Querido, in ExpressoOnline

Alexandre Gamela is a journalist with an impressive curriculum with a wide knowledge about online journalism and social networks like-i dare to say it- very few others have in Portugal. His absorption capacity seems to be endless.

I follow Alexandre the most i can: I subscribe his blog O Lago | The Lake, that has the peculiarity of being bilingual (Alexandre has an unusual working ability) and accompany him in social networks. The day I start a newspaper, i’ll hire him. Until then, I read him and absorb, while no Newsroom grabs him – which is one of those wastes of talent only possible in an industry adrift.

Paulo Querido, ExpressoOnline

December has been overwhelming. I took a few days off to think some things through. I’ve been highly praised by people i respect and my blog was chosen to rank among other high quality bloggers at This is a reward for all the hard work i’ve been developing especially in this last year.

But this reward also carries the weight of responsibility. I have to do more and better. We – the new media pros and visionaries –  all do. Next year will be a hard year, but as we can learn from History, it is in hardship that people overcome their obstacles. And we shall overcome.

To all of those who have been following and linking back to The Lake, to all of those brilliant,generous minds with whom i learned so much, my deepest thank you. Without you i’d be nothing.

Happy 2009 to everyone.

Dezembro foi um mês avassalador.Tirei uns dias de descanso para pensar em algumas coisas. Fui altamente elogiado por pessoas que respeito e o meu blog foi escolhido para figurar entre outros de grande qualidade no É a recompensa por todo o trabalho árduo que desenvolvi este ano.

Mas esta recompensa traz também o peso da responsabilidade. Tenho que fazer mais e melhor. Nós- os profissionais e os visionários dos novos média- todos temos.O próximo ano vai ser difícil,mas como a História ensina,é na dificuldade que as pessoas se transcendem.E nós vamos fazê-lo.

Para todos aqueles que têm seguido e linkado para O Lago, para todas as mentes brilhantes e generosas com quem tenho aprendido tanto, os meus profundos agradecimentos.Sem vocês eu não sou nada.

Feliz 2009 para todos.

Continue a ler ‘Responsibility | Responsabilidade’


Out for the Holidays | Para descanso do pessoal

I’ll be taking a few days off blogging, this is a time for the ones you love, and since i have a lot of other things to do,  i’m creating free time in my agenda the most i can. I’ll be back soon, with the years highlights, praises and maybe a list. Until then Happy Holidays to everyone, and stay safe.


Vou tirar uns dias de descanso aqui no blog,  para dedicar mais tempo às pessoas de quem gosto. Tenho muitas outras coisas para fazer e assim limpo um bocado a minha  agenda. Volto em breve com destaques do ano, alguns elogios e talvez uma lista. Até lá, tenham umas Boas Festas e tenham cuidado com vocês.


Thursday links | Links de Quinta-feira

Vodpod videos no longer available.

I recorded this at the Society of Editors conference in November, so forgive my tardiness. This is Donald Martin, a representative of UK training organisation NCTJ talking about the results of a survey they and partners PTC, BJTC and Skillset conducted into employer and university perceptions of skills needed by journalists…

We’ve grown up with news being free, whether our parents paid for it or we stumbled across it on the Internet as young teens. In college, many of us found stacks of papers free in dining halls and student unions as publishers showered schools in hopes of building devoted young readers.

To where from here? I think the industry can survive only if big guns — the Tribune Co., owner of the Los Angeles Times and the Chicago Tribune, which has filed for bankruptcy reorganization; The New York Times; The Washington Post; Murdoch; McClatchy; and Gannett — manage to collude. They, as a cartel, must demand that we pay for news, be it digital or print. I think a system where subscribers get Sunday print delivered combined with unlimited digital usage is a likely model.

Social media is not yet another place to push content onto. It’s not a repository for content from another medium. It’s its own medium.

It deserves — no demands — its own content. Social media can be a great way to connect with users. It can also be a great way to build a network of sources.

So, if you are training tomorrow’s journalists, why bother with your own print edition? While I haven’t seen a formal content analysis, my impression is that college newspapers have evolved about as much as their grown-up siblings (not much). Given the amount of time and energy it takes to put out a printed publication on a regular basis, journalism programs could benefit by focusing their students’ energies toward innovations in online journalism, instead of putting a paper out.

NEW YORK ( — News on the web has a future — and not just for sites that don’t pay their bloggers, like The Huffington Post, but for cost-intensive operations such as The New York Times, too.

The report concludes that once starts generating 1.3 billion page views a month, it could succeed as a web-only product.

That’s the conclusion of a report released Tuesday, titled “Size Doesn’t Matter,” by online media-research company ContentNext. The report looks at sites ranging from those that are independently run on a low budget, including Drudge Report and the Daily Kos, to giants like CNN Digital Network and Google News.

“Small website operations can be self-sustaining,” writes the report’s author, ContentNext Research Director Lauren Rich Fine, “but life is easier at the mega traffic sites.”

Continue a ler ‘Thursday links | Links de Quinta-feira’


Features of Citizen Journalism | Características do Jornalismo do Cidadão

João Canavilhas vision | A visão de João Canavilhas

João Canavilhas vision on CitJ | Visão de João Canavilhas sobre Jornalismo do Cidadão

During his presentation at the International Cyberjournalism Congress, João Canavilhas used two similar images to the ones above to express his scepticism regarding the existence of a real citizen journalism. I understand his point of view, but totally disagree.

It’s true that the umbrella of what is called “Citizen Journalism” covers a lot that isn’t journalism. But is a picture taken by a professional more valid than any other taken by a mere mortal? Or can’t the factual reporting via Twitter of someone who is experiencing the event be considered as journalism? Lets go step by step.

What is Journalism?

Journalism is the profession of writing or communicating, formally employed by publications and broadcasters, for the benefit of a particular community of people. The writer or journalist is expected to use facts to describe events, ideas, or issues that are relevant to the public. Journalists (also known as news analysts, reporters, and correspondents) gather information, and broadcast it so we remain informed about local, state, national, and international events. They can also present their points of view on current issues and report on the actions of the government, public officials, corporate executives, interest groups, media houses, and those who hold social power or authority. Journalism is described as The Fourth Estate.


For  starters, and from this point of view, there are lots of things considered as journalism that couldn’t be. But that is not the subject of today. What has always scared the Citizen Journalism slanderers was the possible lack of quality and impartiality of the journalistic reports submitted by the non-professional. This coming from an industry that has been making a living out of the reproduction of press releases. It’s not a matter of education, we have scientists, economists, lawyers etc, practising journalism. It is not a matter of having a contract with a communication company, since many journalists are in precarious situations, or developing their activity on their own. How can we define the features of Citizen Journalism then?

The possibility of a more active participation with the media comes with the technological revolution of democratization of information gathering and distribution devices. Which means, when it became possible to take pictures and write text and publish it on the web in a matter of minutes and without costs. Ever since we could distribute contents to a wider audience without recurring to the traditional channels, Citizen Journalism became possible. And this is just the logistics that allowed the common user to make Citizen Journalism, which doesn’t mean it will, of course. What defines the act of Jornalism by citizens is exactly the same that defines traditional Journalism, but with peculiar characteristics.

Citizen Journalism features

  • It’s casual, whoever practices the journalistic act can do it only once in a lifetime.
  • It is mainly spontaneous, not dependant of an incumbency or professional obligation. It can be provoked by opportunity, personal need or social responsibility.
  • It is disorganized/not sistematic – this can happen in more or less degree, specializing in a job implies the learning of a method, that the citizen journalist may or may not master.
  • It is related to the surrounding reality of the citizen journalist, wether it is in a geographical level, emotional, cultural, therefore there is a certain amount of partiality (but like we’ve seen before, impartiality doesn’t not objectively exist in traditional journalism).
  • It doesn’t follow the mainstream news agenda. Apart from calamities, terrorist attacks, or other high profile events, Citizen Journalism tends to reflect realities, subjects, or perspectives absent from the mainstream media coverage.
  • It can be done by people who have a greater specific knowledge about a given subject than a journalist (which happens frequently, one can’t just know about everything).
  • The purpose is not any sort of remuneration but simply the act of information.

Taking these features into account and the volume of already created contents, can we still in good mind deny the existence of a true journalism made by common citizens? I’m not defending that it exists unflawed, nor that it is better than the professionaly (=as a profession) made journalism, but i won’t say either that most of the professional reports is better than some cases of citizen journalism. Journalists are paid professionals, specialists in the gathering, construction and distribution of information, and their role – as long as it is well performed – is inquestionable in this society of communication en masse.

What other features can also define Citizen Journalism? Is it just a subterfuge for media companies to obtain free contents? Does it really exist or not?

Durante a sua apresentação no Congresso Internacional de Jornalismo, João Canavilhas usou duas imagens semelhantes às de cima para mostrar o seu cepticismo relativamente à existência de um jornalismo do cidadão. Eu percebo a perspectiva dele, mas não concordo.

É verdade que se chama “jornalismo do cidadão” a muita coisa que não o é. Mas uma imagem obtida por um profissional sobre um acontecimento que faz notícia é mais válida que outra obtida por um comum mortal? Ou o relato factual via Twitter por quem está a assistir ao acontecimento não pode ser considerado como jornalismo? Vamos por partes.

O que é Jornalismo?

Jornalismo é a profissão de escrever ou comunicar, formalmente usada por publicações e distribuidores de informação, para benefício de uma comunidade específica de pessoas. Do escritor ou jornalista espera-se que use factos para descrever eventos, ideias ou assuntos, que sejam relevantes para o público. Os Jornalistas (também conhecidos por analistas de informação, repórteres ou correspondentes) recolhem informação, e distribuem-na para que possamos estar informados sobre acontecimentos locais, nacionais e internacionais. Eles também podem apresentar os seus pontos de vista em assuntos correntes e informar sobre actividades do Governo, funcionários públicos, executivos empresariais, grupos de interesse, os media, e aqueles que detém poder ou autoridade social. O Jornalismo é descrito como o Quarto Poder.

Traduzido da Wikipedia

Para já, e por este ponto de vista, há muita coisa que é considerada como jornalismo que não o podia ser. Mas o assunto não é esse. O que sempre assustou os detractores do Jornalismo do Cidadão foi a possível falta de qualidade e a parcialidade dos relatos jornalísticos enviados por não-profissionais. Isto vindo de uma indústria que tem vivido da reprodução de press releases. Não é uma questão de formação, temos cientistas, economistas, advogados etc, a fazer jornalismo. Não é uma questão de contrato com uma empresa de comunicação, pois muitos jornalistas profissionais estão em situações precárias ou desenvolvem o seu trabalho por conta própria. Como é que se pode caracterizar então o Jornalismo do Cidadão?

A possibilidade de uma participação mais activa junto dos orgãos de comunicação surge com a revolução tecnológica da democratização de equipamentos de recolha e distribuição de informação. Ou seja, quando se pode tirar fotos e escrever um texto e colocá-los na web no espaço de minutos e sem grandes custos. Assim que se pode distribuir conteúdos para uma grande audiência sem recorrer aos canais tradicionais, surgiu a possibilidade de fazer  Jornalismo do Cidadão. Esta é apenas a  parte logística que permitiu ao utilizador comum fazer jornalismo, o que não quer dizer que o faça, claro. O que define o acto de Jornalismo por cidadãos é exactamente o mesmo que define o Jornalismo tradicional, mas com características particulares.

Características do Jornalismo do Cidadão

  • É casual, quem exerce o acto jornalístico pode fazê-lo apenas uma vez na vida.
  • É predominantemente espontâneo, não sujeito a encomenda ou obrigação profissional. Pode ser causado por uma questão de oportunidade, necessidade pessoal ou responsabilidade social.
  • É desorganizado/não sistematizado- aqui pode ser em maior ou menor grau, a especialização numa profissão implica a aprendizagem de um método, que o jornalista-cidadão  pode ou não dominar.
  • Está relacionado com a realidade próxima do jornalista-cidadão, seja a nivel geográfico, emocional, cultural, logo existe um certo grau de parcialidade (mas como já vimos, a imparcialidade não existe  objectivamente no jornalismo tradicional).
  • Está fora da agenda noticiosa tradicional. À excepção de calamidades, atentados, ou outros eventos de grande repercussão, o Jornalismo do Cidadão tem tendência a reflectir realidades, assuntos, ou perspectivas ausentes da cobertura mediática.
  • Pode ser feito por pessoas com mais conhecimento específico sobre um determinado assunto do que um jornalista (que é o que acontece muitas vezes, não se pode saber tudo).
  • O objectivo não é uma remuneração, mas apenas o acto de informar.

Tendo em conta estas características e  o volume de conteúdos criados, podemos nós continuar a negar a existência de um verdadeiro jornalismo feito por cidadãos comuns? Não defendo que existe sem defeitos, nem que seja melhor do que o jornalismo feito por profissionais, mas também não defendo que muito trabalho profissional é melhor que alguns casos de jornalismo do cidadão. Os jornalistas são profissionais pagos, especialistas na recolha, construção e distribuição de conteúdos e o seu papel – sempre que for bem desempenhado – é inquestionável nesta sociedade de informação em massa.

Que outras características vocês acham que podem definir o Jornalismo do Cidadão? Será apenas uma forma encapotada de obter conteúdos gratuitos por parte das empresas de comunicação? Existe realmente ou não?

Citizen journalism

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Citizen journalism, also known as public or participatory journalism or democratic journalism, is the act of non-professionals “playing an active role in the process of collecting, reporting, analyzing and disseminating news and information,” according to the seminal report We Media: How Audiences are Shaping the Future of News and Information, by Shayne Bowman and Chris Willis. They say, “The intent of this participation is to provide independent, reliable, accurate, wide-ranging and relevant information that a democracy requires.” Citizen journalism should not be confused with civic journalism, which is practiced by professional journalists. Citizen journalism is a specific form of citizen media as well as user generated content.

Mark Glasser, a longtime freelance journalist who frequently writes on new media issues, gets to the heart of it:

The idea behind citizen journalism is that people without professional journalism training can use the tools of modern technology and the global distribution of the Internet to create, augment or fact-check media on their own or in collaboration with others. For example, you might write about a city council meeting on your blog or in an online forum. Or you could fact-check a newspaper article from the mainstream media and point out factual errors or bias on your blog. Or you might snap a digital photo of a newsworthy event happening in your town and post it online. Or you might videotape a similar event and post it on a site such as YouTube.


Continue a ler ‘Features of Citizen Journalism | Características do Jornalismo do Cidadão’


68 journalists killed in 2008 | 68 jornalistas mortos em 2008

comitte to protect journalists map

In a time when all the arguments about journalism revolve around the business, technology and some ego insecurity, it is good to remember that the “business” is all about people, for people, made by people. And sometimes the price to pay for the freedom to inform is supreme.

The names that have a life behind them can be found here.

Numa altura em que a discussão sobre o jornalismo gira à volta do negócio, da tecnologia e das inseguranças de alguns egos, é bom lembrar que o “negócio” é sobre  pessoas, para pessoas, feitas por pessoas. E por vezes, o preço a pagar pela liberdade de informar é supremo.

Os nomes que têm uma vida por trás podem ser lidos aqui.

Via Pú

Media employees killed in 2008

Continue a ler ’68 journalists killed in 2008 | 68 jornalistas mortos em 2008′


Links for today | Links para hoje

Some more links that have been piling up these last days  | Mais alguns links do monte que se juntou nos últimos dias

Alguém está a fazer algum estudo deste tipo em Portugal?

Legendary British reporter is interviewed for the portuguese magazine Ipsilon:

“Never use the Internet”, advised old Fisk, and no one is sure if he was talking serious. “If people read it all on the Internet, they’ll stop buying newspapers, that no longer will afford to pay special correspondents just like me.”

O lendário repórter britânico em entrevista  na Ipsilon:

“Nunca usem a Internet”, aconselhou o velho Fisk, e ninguém tem a certeza de ele estar a falar a sério. “Se as pessoas lerem tudo na Internet, deixarão de comprar os jornais, que deixarão de ter dinheiro para pagar a enviados especiais como eu.”

As was pointed out at Ditchley Park, journalism already is subsidised: the Guardian has its Scott Trust, the Times its mogul, the Washington Post a profitable education company, the Telegraph its sales of wine, local papers their council ads, and everybody has – had – classified ads. So is there a true market demand for quality journalism or is it already a charity or public utility?

2008 witnessed an explosion in the ways we gather, share and consume news and information. No longer the preserve of a few, participatory media formats began to be widely used by anyone – whether protesters or politicians, concerned individuals or mainstream news outlets – wanting to get their message out and connect.


We’re witnessing an emerging trend online towards more social tools. People are sharing photos, videos, and music online. Friends are even sharing minute details of their lives on social networking sites such as Twitter and Facebook. Yet one aspect of people’s lives — what you do while sitting in front of your computer — has yet to migrate to the social realm. With our CoScripter project, we aim to change that, through the idea of social scripting.

CoScripter website

Dig into the numbers, though, and you’ll find “journalism” can be a misleading label. Most people studying journalism and mass communication aren’t interested in careers as old-school newshounds sniffing out scandals for newspapers, magazines and TV stations.

Some study the news as a liberal arts subject like English, and then head off to law school. Other J-school grads become public relations people who shape the news or advertising people who create the commercials that pay for it.

“They recognize that there are lots of opportunities to do things on the Web,” said Lee Becker, a University of Georgia professor who tracks their job prospects. Data show “students are optimistic that their communication skills are going to serve them well in the future. And I think they’re correct.”

There have never been more talented journalists ready and eager to help chart the future of journalism. If you have the skills and desire to be a part of this great transition, you should have a job that will put you front and center.

Publish2 has launched the “I Am the Future of Journalism” Contest to help journalists like you get noticed. The prize is a job with Publish2, plus a $1,000 signing bonus. We’ll also get your entry in front of media companies, news organizations, journalism associations, and industry leaders who have their eyes on finding and grooming top talent.

Journalists of all ages, skill sets, and backgrounds are encouraged to enter. Tell us, your peers, and industry leaders why you are the future of journalism.

This is a guest post by Anita Bruzzese

I have a lot of fun reading blogs and often learn a lot. But as a trained journalist, sometimes I see things in a blogger’s copy that bugs me a bit, and sometimes I read stuff that makes me cringe. Some of it just confuses me, and some of it appalls me. So, when Chris asked me to write a guest post on what bloggers can learn from journalists, I decided to make a list…

Continue a ler ‘Links for today | Links para hoje’

08 Estou no Best of the journalism blogs | I’m at the Best of the journalism blogs

Jeff who?

Jeff who?

Recebi um email do a informar-me que o meu modesto blog passou a figurar na sua lista do melhor dos blogs de jornalismo. Este é só um dos meus sites de referência na área. Nada mau para quem esteve para desistir do jornalismo e anda a formar-se por conta própria, sem trabalho e com uma licenciatura do século passado. Obrigado, afinal parece que há mesmo Natal.

I got an email from letting me know that this modest blog is now part of their Best of the journalism blogs list. This is just one of my favorite websites about the business. Not bad for someone who almost quit journalism, that has no job and is learning on his own, with a last century degree.

Thank you, after all there is a Christmas.

PS: uh…it´s  GAMELA…not GamelO….ok…i can live with that… Alexandre who?

Continue a ler ‘ Estou no Best of the journalism blogs | I’m at the Best of the journalism blogs’

I moved | Mudei-me


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Dezembro 2008