Arquivo de 7 de Outubro, 2008

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Teaser

Dave Cohn enviou um vídeo de 33 minutos para responder à nossa entrevista em crowdsource, que deverá ser publicada em diferentes versões para o final da semana. Desde já, quero agradecer ao Dave pela sua generosidade em responder às 15 perguntas que lhe enviei.

Dave Cohn sent a 33 minute video answering to our crwodsourced interview, that should be published by the end of the week in different versions. I really have to thank Dave for his time and generosity in answering to the 15 questions i sent him.

Continue a ler ‘Teaser’

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Links para hoje | Links for today

Estes são os links que quero partilhar com vocês: o primeiro é uma dica do blog brasileiro Update or die, que partilha a imagem  de cima e explica de onde ela vem. É um mundo grátis.

These are the links i want to share with you today:the first one is a tip from the brazilian blog Update or die, that shares the image above with us and explains where did it come from. It’s a world of free.

Está circulando pelos blogs, uma imagem que facilita a compreensão das 4 modalidades de “Grátis” que Chris Anderson se refere em seus mais recentes artigos e livro. São elas:

– Receba de graça, compre o próximo.

– Publicidade, Patrocínio e Mídia Paga.

– Freemium – alguns pagam por uma versão “full” enquanto outros recebem de graça uma versão “limitada”.

– Receba de graça e devolva “reputação”.

As quatro formas do Grátis

A recomendação seguinte é dois em um: dois posts do Journalism.co.uk, o primeiro dedicado a uma nova série de textos intitulada “Am I too old to become a journalist?” e uma entrevista a Nir Ofir, fundador do novo projecto iamnews.

The next is a two-in-one recommendation:two posts from Journalism.co.uk, the first one dedicated to a new series intitled Am I too old to become a journalist?” and an interview with Nir Ofir, the founder of a new project called iamnews .

“So you want to be a journalist,” declares the college leaflet or job advice site.

Yes, of course you do but what if you think you might be too old, have no proper training, did not go to Cambridge or Oxford, have no relatives in the industry and all the other clichés people like to trot out? What if you have all of the above but still don’t seem to be able to get a job?

I have just started a fast-track NCTJ course at Lambeth College in London at the grand old age of 28 and before that I was freelancing without any proper training.

When I finally decided to become a journalist I had loads of questions. Everything from whether to do a course, what ‘off the record’ really means and whether my hoovering to working ratio was slightly unbalanced as a freelancer.

Everyday the Journalism.co.uk forum is peppered with similar questions – well, maybe not the hoovering one – from would-be journalists.

New blog series: Am I too old to become a journalist?

Still in the alpha, invite-only stage, website iamnews has plans to become the world’s first open newsroom for media organisations and reporters.

Journalism.co.uk put some quickfire questions to Nir Ofir, founder of the site, which is aiming for ‘networked journalism’ between news providers and journalists and is not just another ‘citizen media news’ start-up.

1) How will iamnews set itself apart from other citizen journalism projects?
iamnews.com is a tool, a collaborative powerful news tool in the hands of publishers and reporters. It is not a news destination site or a citizen media news brand. We are here to create a simple and easy to use tool but not trying to become the editors. We hope to create an alternative to news agencies by syndicating the content in reasonable prices and policies.

Q&A: Nir Ofir, founder of iamnews

Pat Thornton aborda alguns pontos sobre a ética online, e sobre como se podem certificar alguns blogs que cumpram explicitamente algumas regras.

Pat Thornton talks about online ethics and how to certify some blogs that follow some explicit rules.

The idea is very simple —  to form a series of ethics seals that Web sites, blogs and news organizations could embed on their Web sites. I want these seals to be in the same vein as the Creative Commons.

Right now there are five seal categories:

  1. Sourcing
  2. Objectivity/advocacy/opinion journalism or opinion
  3. Linking
  4. Copy editing/fact checking (does a second person fact check?)
  5. Conflicts of Interests
Each category can have a different level. For instance, your blog could say that you do not accept anonymous sources, while I might accept anonymous sources as long as two-independent sources confirm the same information. This will create a lot of freedom for people to customize their specific ethics policy within our open source framework.

Mindy McAdams pede ajuda para definir a lista de coisas que devem ensinar aos futuros jornalistas.

Mindy McAdams ask for help to define the list of stuf that should be taught to next journalists.

Please help me with this. In my college, we’ve been working on a list. Rather than a vague list of skills, we’re trying to write what we would expect the student to be able to do. You know — actually DO. So here’s the starter package, which addresses cross-platform concerns:

  • Write a 12-inch story (400–450 words) in AP print style w/ Web-appropriate head, subheads and suitable hyperlink(s).
  • Create a 2-minute audio clip with clear nat sound, narration and interview material, edited digitally and compressed for the Web.
  • Shoot, edit and compress a video of 2 min. 30 sec.
  • Create and maintain a single-subject blog for at least eight weeks (minimum 16 posts), with at least two posts per week.
  • Create a 1:30 to 2 min. Soundslides presentation that tells a coherent journalistic story.

Stuff to teach the next journalists

Colin Mulvany e a sua visão pessoal sobre os despedimentos no Spokesman-Review. Eu já vivi isto.

Colin Mulvany and his personal view on the Spokesman-Review layoffs. I know how that feels.

Like every newspaper in the country, the economic fundamentals are in freefall. On Wednesday, my editor Steve Smith gathered the entire newsroom together and read off the names of twenty-one of my co-workers, which including Brian Immel, to be laid off. Audible gasps could be heard with each name called. Then Smith promptly resigned. He said he simply had had enough.

Four to six managers are also going to get the axe in the next two weeks. Until someone tells me for sure, I could be one. By my best guesstamate, we will have lost roughly 35 percent of our total newsroom staff in the last twelve months. This is the forth round of layoffs in seven years. I have to wonder if it will ever stop. I am beginning to feel like that frog in the slowly heating pot. Will I get out before boiling myself to death?

Layoffs hit The Spokesman-Review hard

Um trabalho excelente do Daily Telegraph: o mundo em mapas distorcidos pela realidade.

An excellent work by the Daily Telegraph: the world in maps distorted by reality.

The Atlas of the Real World

Continue a ler ‘Links para hoje | Links for today’

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Crónica de uma morte anunciada | Chronicle of a Death Foretold

“As newspapers shuffle toward the twilight, I’m increasingly convinced that the news has been the least of the newspaper industry’s problems. Newspapers are in trouble for reasons that have almost nothing to do with newspaper journalism, and everything to do with the newspaper business. Even a paper stocked with the world’s finest editorial minds wouldn’t have a fighting chance against the economic and technological forces arrayed against the business. The critics have it exactly backward: Journalists and journalism are the victims, not the cause, of the industry’s shaken state.”

Paul Farhi, Don’t Blame the Journalism  –

The economic and technological forces behind the collapse of newspapers

Quais são as razões da crise dos jornais? Paul Fahri, do Washington Post, escreve na edição de Outubro/Novembro da American Journalism Review que são muitas, mas muitas vezes são apontadas as erradas.

Uma das coisas que reparo na blogosfera dedicada ao jornalismo é que muitas vezes fechamo-nos no mesmo círculo de conceitos e simplificamos uma realidade que, para além de diversa é extremamente complexa. E como ainda está tudo ainda em processo é natural que hajam muitas ideias pouco exactas. Mas isso faz parte do diálogo, e analisando as ideias dos outros e confrontando-as com as nossas, o nosso pensamento colectivo avança para níveis mais elaborados mais depressa. Essa é grande a maravilha dos nossos dias.

Esta pequena divagação serve para vos aconselhar a ler o texto de Fahri com atenção e comparar com tudo o que se tem dito nos últimos dois anos sobre o estado do jornalismo, com maior ou menor grau de violência. Os factores que estão a levar ao fecho dos jornais não são só internos- apesar das administrações muitas vezes estarem longe da realidade – mas exteriores às  redacções, e prendem-se talvez mais com uma conjugação particular de factores económicos e tecnológicos.

Não foi a tecnologia que matou os jornais, nem vai ser a tecnologia que vai salvar os jornais. O que estamos a assistir agora, muito provavelmente iríamos assistir  na mesma em diferente grau, sem o factor tecnológico. As razões são eminentemente económicas e estratégicas. O que choca é o grau de surpresa que muitos têm perante esta situação, como se não fosse algo de previsível. Desde a saturação de mercados a quebras na publicidade, são muitas as pontas por onde se podem pegar.

Mas não se esqueçam: nunca se leram tantas notícias como hoje, nunca a informação chegou a tantos, nem tão depressa, nem neste volume. O jornalismo é uma actividade que está em florescimento, o negócio é que está a correr mal.

What are the reasons for the newspaper crisis? Paul Fahri, a Washington Post reporter, writes in the October/November issue of the  American Journalism Review that there are lots of them, but many times the wrong ones are pointed out.

One thing i notice in the journalism dedicated blogosphere is that many times we limit ourselves in our circle of concepts and over simplify a reality that beside being diversified, is extremely complex. And since everything is still part of an ongoing process, it is natural that many ideas aren’t quite right. But that is part of the dialogue, and analyzing other people’s ideas and confronting them with our own, our collective thinking advances faster to more ellborate levels. This is  the true wonder of our days.

This short rant is meant to advise you to read Fahri’s text with attention, and compare it with all that has been said in the last couple of years about the state of journalism, in a more or less violent fashion.  The factors that are leading to the shutting down of  newspapers are not exclusively internal- although many times the administrations are completely out of touch with the reality- but external to the newsrooms, and relate maybe more with a  particular conjugation  of economical and technological factors.

It wasn’t technology that killed the newspapers, and for sure it won’t be technology that will save them. What we are watching now, we would anyway, in  a different degree without the technology factor. The reasons are eminently economical and strategic. What is schocking is to see how surprised some are before the current situation, like if it was never going to happen. From market saturation to drops in advertising revenues, there are lots of threads to pull.

But don’t forget: we never read as much news as we do now, never the information reached so many, nor so fast or in such great volume. Journalism is a flourishing activity, it’s the business that is going down the drain.

“…I fear we’re deep into the self-fulfilling prophecy stage now. In many ways, newspapers are dying…because they’re dying. As their cash flow shrivels, owners aren’t willing, or able, to invest in their papers to arrest the rate of decline, if not reverse it. Each cut in editorial staffing and newshole makes the newspaper less useful and attractive, which makes the next round of cuts inevitable, and so on. Some newspapers entered their death spiral months ago.”

Paul Farhi, Don’t Blame the Journalism

Continue a ler ‘Crónica de uma morte anunciada | Chronicle of a Death Foretold’




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