Arquivo de 3 de Setembro, 2008

03
Set
08

Como se faz uma reportagem | How a news story is made

O António Granado referiu esta iniciativa da Wired que vem um pouco ao encontro de algo que já defendi algumas vezes, quer no blog, quer em algumas discussões. Mas, antes de mais, é necessária uma pequena explicação.

A Wired criou um blog que descreve o processo de uma reportagem sobre o argumentista/realizador Charlie Kaufman, o que, para quem conhece o personagem, faz todo o sentido por levantar a cortina sobre algo que a maioria não vê. Desde a reunião inicial sobre a criação do blog e da “venda” do artigo aos editores (ver video), até à definição da reportagem, tudo está à mostra para quem quiser seguir os processos deste trabalho.

Eu ando com uma ideia semelhante há já algum tempo,e falei um pouco disso neste post: porque não mostrar o processo, com os devidos cuidados, de pesquisa e construção de uma reportagem? Com quem e como se falou, a que dados e documentos se teve acesso, etc.

No Summer Institute discuti isso com o Professor Rosental Alves, que levantou dois pontos pertinentes contra: o trabalho do jornalista ficaria debaixo de uma lupa enorme, e poderiam expor-se indevidamente algumas partes do processo que fazem parte da “alma” do negócio.

De qualquer forma, acho que se poderia tornar numa maneira muito interessante de tornar o trabalho jornalístico mais transparente, e demonstrar que tipo de dificuldades os jornalistas encontram no seu dia a dia.

Duas redacções já fizeram algo semelhante: o Spokesman-Review e o Liverpool Daily Post.

António Granado shared this Wired venture that kind of meets something i have defended sometimes here at the blog, and in some conversations. But, before carrying on, a short explanation is due.

Wired created a blog that describes the process of building a story about screenwriter/ director Charlie Kaufman, which, for those who know the character, makes perfect sense by lifting the veil on something that most people can´t see. From the original meeting where the creation of the blog was discussed along with pitching the story to the editors (watch video) to the shaping of the story, everything is for our eyes to see.

I’ve been holding on to a similar idea for quite some time now, and i wrote a bit about it in this post: why not showing the process, with the needed precautions, of research and construction of a news story? With whom and how we talked, to which data and documents we had access, etc.

At the Summer Institute i discussed this with Professor Rosental Alves, who raised two relevant points against: the work of the journalist would be under this giant magnifying glass, and some parts of the process that are the “soul” of the trade might be wrongfully exposed.

Anyway, i think this could be a rather interesting way of making the journalists’ work more transparent, and show the amount of hardships they have to face on a daily basis.

Two newsrooms have already done something like this: the Spokesman-Review and the Liverpool Daily Post.

What Is This?

An almost-real-time, behind-the-scenes look at the assigning, writing, editing, and designing of a Wired feature. You can see more about the design process on Wired creative director Scott Dadich’s SPD blog, The Process. This is a one-time experiment, tied solely to the Charlie Kaufman profile scheduled to run in our November 08 issue.

What Are The Rules?

We will post internal e-mails, audio, video, drafts, memos, and layouts. We reserve the right to edit our posts, out of sympathy for the reader or to protect our relationships with our sources. We will not post emails with sources or reproduce communications that take place outside of Wired.

Continue a ler ‘Como se faz uma reportagem | How a news story is made’

03
Set
08

O fim de um jornal | The end of a newspaper

Vodpod videos no longer available.

O Noblesville Daily Times era um jornal de Noblesville, Indiana, EUA. Era, porque fechou. Criado à cinco anos e apesar de se ter adaptado bem à realidade do online, o jornal não conseguiu sobreviver à concorrência movida pelo Indianapolis Star, propriedade do poderoso grupo Gannett.

Um dos jornalistas multimédia do jornal – William Fouts – fez este video para assinalar o fim da publicação, ou nas suas palavras, “o NOSSO obituário”.

O que se pode retirar deste caso é como um jornal falhou não por falhar a adaptação às circunstâncias mas apenas por uma questão de colocação de mercado. É também interessante analisar a sua realidade e compará-la com outras (a portuguesa, por exemplo): com cerca de 6.500 assinantes numa cidade de quase 30 mil habitantes, o jornal começou por ser publicado seis dias por semana, reduzindo-se mais tarde as edições  para apenas cinco por semana. Tinha 24 trabalhadores a tempo inteiro. Agora pensem nos jornais que conhecem a operar em mercados semelhantes, nos meios que possuem, na qualidade que têm.E até quando se vão aguentar.

No caso do Noblesville Daily Times só me apetece dizer que tiveram azar.

Via Notes from a Teacher.

The Noblesville Daily Times was a newspaper from Noblesville, Indiana, USA. Was, because now it’s closed. Created five years ago, and although it was well adjusted to the online reality, the newspaper failed to survive due to the competition moved by the mighty Gannett Co. owned Indianapolis Star.

One of their multimedia reporters William Fouts – shot this video to mark the end of his newspaper, or in his very own words, “OUR obituary”.

What can take from this situation is how a newspaper failed to survive not because it didn’t adapt to the circumstances, but just because of a market placement. It is also interesting to analyze it’s reality and compare it with others (your own, for instance): they had 6.500 paying subscribers in a city with almost 30 thousand inhabitants, was published six days per week at first, then it was reduced to five editions a week. They had 24 full time workers.

Now think of the newspapers you know operating in similar markets, in the conditions they have, the quality they produce. And for how long they will manage to survive.

In the case of the Noblesville Daily Times all i can say is that they were unlucky.

Via Notes from a Teacher.

Publisher Michael Corbett announced Wednesday that the newspaper will cease operations at the end of this week. The final edition of the paper will be published Saturday.

Corbett said three factors were considered in the decision to close the paper.

“It’s a tough economy, it’s a competitive market, and it’s a tough time for newspapers in general,” he said. “All newspapers are wrestling with what the future’s going to be. And the industry is just in upheaval right now.”

Corbett said Schurz Corporation, a family-owned media chain headquartered in South Bend, made the decision to put the Daily Times up for sale six months ago, but failed to find a buyer.
The decision to close the paper came from the Schurz corporate offices Tuesday. The news was relayed to the Times’ 24 full-time staffers Wednesday.

“We’ve tried for five years to make that paper successful in Noblesville and we did not succeed,” said Schurz’ Senior Vice President of Publishing Charles Pittman, citing the economy and lack of advertising revenue to put the publication in the black.

“It was a tough decision. I think we poured our heart and souls into Noblesville and we really wanted it to work,” he said.

Daily Times to cease operations

Continue a ler ‘O fim de um jornal | The end of a newspaper’

03
Set
08

Mapa interactivo dos media da Catalunha | Catalunya’s media interactive map

Mapa | Laboratori de Comunicació Pública | Map

O Laboratori de Comunicació Pública da Catalunha criou um mapa interactivo onde mostra a distribuição dos vários orgãos de comunicação por comarca.

Os números são interessantes: para uma região de pouco mais de sete milhões de habitantes existem 900 sites de informação, 700 publicações em papel, 250 rádios e 77 canais de televisão.

Via LolacomoMola.

The Laboratori de Comunicació Pública of Catlunya, Spain, created an interactive map displaying the distribution of media by district.

The numbers are quite interesting: for a region with a bit more than seven million inhabitants there are 900 news websites, 700 print publications, 250 radio stations and 77 television channels.

Via LolacomoMola.

Los datos incluyen también el número de ayuntamientos que hay en dicho territorio, dato que ayuda a percibir, aunque sea de forma orientativa, el peso de lo público en cada uno de ellos.

El mapa permite ver también el histórico peso de las publicaciones de papel, los desequilibrios de cobertura informativa que hay entre las distintas comarcas, y cómo los datos de webs parecen tener una relación bastante directa con la existencia de ayuntamientos, aun con excepciones como es en la comarca del Barcelonès.

Mapa interactivo de medios en Catalunya

Continue a ler ‘Mapa interactivo dos media da Catalunha | Catalunya’s media interactive map’




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