Arquivo de Setembro, 2008

30
Set
08

A regulação dos blogs

E os bloggers do futuro?

E os bloggers do futuro?

Já falei aqui da discussão no Parlamento Europeu sobre o estatuto dos blogs, mas o Carlos José Teixeira e o Paulo Querido, que já andam nestas coisas há algum tempo, dão a sua opinião sobre o assunto em dois textos, um no Fractura.net, o outro no Expresso Online. Se a questão agora parece criar ruído na blogosfera, o que questiono é como uma regulamentação irá afectar os bloggers do futuro. Terão que criar um Blog-Na-Hora,num qualquer balcão institucional virtual?

A minha primeira impressão acerca do assunto tem já alguns anos e sustentava uma teoria de auto-regulação, isto é, algo que iria funcionar no ecossistema de forma a sustentar os blogues com melhor conteúdo, o que seria premiado pelas visitas e leituras, tornando-os cada vez mais influentes. Já estão a ver a que ponto ia a minha inocência.
Seguidamente, comecei a pensar que esta situação rapidamente levaria à cristalização da blogosfera em meia dúzia de espaços centrais e uma miríade de blogues satélite a lutar por um espaço ao sol na cacofonia da discussão e da endolinkagem. Já não me enganei assim tanto.
Neste momento, já não sei o que pensar acerca da forma de regulação da actividade, excepto que, como diz o Paulo, esta é necessária.

O problema da blogosfera é o de esta ser uma actividade social em quase todos os sentidos do termo. Composta na sua grande maioria por seres humanos, a blogosfera transmite incessantemente informação da mais variada espécie. Existe de tudo um pouco, desde o blogue das bundas gostosas ao da filosofia mais vanguardista, desde o humanista ao nazi.
Como sistema de divulgação das mais variadas vozes, amplifica e reproduz exponencialmente cada uma delas até ao infinito, ou pelo menos até onde as hiperligações a levarem.
(…)Também sabemos que os blogues não são todos iguais e que a forma de recompensa que estes obtêm se relaciona com os mais díspares algoritmos e com frequentes factores que nada têm a ver com a qualidade do conteúdo. Exemplos disso não faltam por aí.
Muito sinceramente, não gosto lá muito de me ver conotado com algum tipo de blogosfera que por aí circula.
A somar a isso há a aceitação de um blogue pela restante blogosfera. “Abençoá-lo”, por assim dizer. Fazer com que este deixe de ser um local obscuro e trazê-lo para a luz.
A blogosfera, sabê-mo-lo, é uma imensa casa de putas. E difícil.
Queiram-no ou não os bloggers, e a maioria afirma claramente, aos GRITOS, que não, a clarificação do seu estatuto é inevitável. Comes with the job. Vem com a responsabilidade crescente que os blogues, ou alguns deles pelo menos, ocupam na esfera comunicacional.
O cuidado da ERC em dialogar com a blogosfera é, numa primeira leitura, o próprio reconhecimento desse estatuto. Estatuto que aliás alguns autores buscam afanosamente, na ânsia de serem figuras interventivas, líderes de opinião e spinners merecedores de salário. Mas ao mesmo tempo parecem querer rejeitar os deveres de tais condições.
Ora, não há estatutos grátis.
Será o início da institucionalização dos blogs, depois da corporativização? Seja lá o que for que aconteça no futuro, a regra terá que ser sempre a manutenção da liberdade de expressão, independentemente dos pontos de vista defendidos por cada indivíduo. E todos conhecemos o caso americano e as suas hipocrisias, que deverá ser um exemplo a não seguir. O mercado das ideias funciona como qualquer mercado, sob a lei da oferta e da procura. Se o objectivo é regulamentar os produtos, bem, adeus queijo da serra amanteigado, que a ASAE dos blogs vem aí. Prefiro dez mil idiotas aos berros do uma pessoa inteligente amordaçada.
Mas não deverá ser caso para tanto, o meu maior receio é ver pessoas que não entendem um determinado assunto deliberarem sobre ele com valor de lei, assentes em preconceitos e na ignorância. A Internet é o grande espaço em que uma anarquia saudável é possível, e a credibilização dos seus personagens deverá acontecer entre os seus pares. Lembram-se da pornografia há 5 anos atrás? De conteúdo principal e de eleição online passou a mais um conteúdo, perdendo o lugar para as relações sociais. Se é isso que querem regulamentar agora, assim como a expressão individual, então, meus amigos, estamos no mau caminho.

Continue a ler ‘A regulação dos blogs’

30
Set
08

Links 30-09-08

Once and for all – Jeff Jarvis BuzzMachine

Bloggers aren’t journalists. True and false. The Pew Internet & American Life survey says only a third of bloggers consider what they do journalism. But today any witness can perform an act of journalism, giving us more eyes on society – which journalists should celebrate.

People are rude on the internet. True. They’re rude in life, but perhaps more so online, thanks to anonymity. But we all know who the idiots are. The smart response is to ignore the stupid.

The internet has no ethics. True. It no more has a moral code than a telephone wire, a car, or a knife. We who use it bring the ethics and laws we live under already.

Opinion: The integrated newsroom business model doesn’t add up – Editor’s Weblog

There is an interesting article today on the Monday Note site today that examines the new newsroom business model. The author, Frederick Filloux, was part of the team behind 20 Minutes and spent 12 years at Liberation, ultimately becoming the Editor-In-Chief. He now works as editor for the Norwegian group Schibstead.

He puts together some insightful figures about the cost of a newsroom:

* Cost of a journalist (including benefits and expenses = €60,000
* Total cost of running a newsroom =  €10 million
* Per month costs = €830,000
* Average revenue per unique visitors per month appears = €0,10 to €0,25
* €830,000 costs requires 8.3 million Unique Visitors per month to break-even
* French 20 Minutes made €45m in 2007. Each reader generates €18 per year for the newspaper.
* Online site readers generate approximately €1,2 per year (if well-read site)


Newspapers: Vanishing faster than you think – Ryan Sholin, Invisible Inkling

These are the basics, the givens, of the post-industrial knowledge economy:

  1. There is no mass audience.
  2. There is no barrier to publication.
  3. The cost of operating legacy organizations increases indefinitely as profit decreases indefinitely.
  4. There is nothing cyclical about this change.

Trifecta for success in the new new journalism – Mindy McAdams

There’s more to this brave new world of journalism than technology skills.

Business sense will play a large role in the rest of your career, whether you are a journalism student or a seasoned veteran.

If journalism students graduate without an understanding of how editorial, business, and technology work together, “you have not prepared them for the world they are entering,” Mitch Gelman, senior vice president of CNN.com, told a group of journalism educators in Los Angeles on Friday.

Why ‘Friending’ Will Be Obsolete – Jeremiah Owyang

Every few days, (or hours) you probably get a friend request of some sort, the good news is, someday, this will not be relevant.

I just got finished watching this video of Renato of “E”, a device and software platform that allows you to phsyically gesture in the real world with people you meet that you are friends. Remember palm pilot back in 2001 that let you ‘beam’ contact info to each other? Similiar to that, but now with more ’social’ context.

Thinking forward a few years, “friending people” whether in Facebook, Plaxo, or will no longer be an activity that we’ll have to do. Intelligent websites (and their data) will be able to determine who our friends are from our behaviors, context, and preferences, without us verbally (or physically) having to indicate so.

Continue a ler ‘Links 30-09-08′

29
Set
08

Entrevista|Dave Cohn|Interview: um ligeiro atraso | a slight delay

A minha entrevista em crowdsource ao Dave Cohn atrasou-se por várias razões, em grande parte por causa de um trabalho inesperado durante a semana passada. Mas não se preocupem, o Dave só está à espera das perguntas e já disse que ia responder em vídeo. Agora é comigo, amanhã espero ter o questionário alinhado, e conto com a vossa opinião para sugestões de última hora.

Entretanto, podem ver a apresentação que ele deu na USC’s School of Journalism, e em baixo, um pequeno vídeo em que ele nos dá uma visita guiada ao Spot.us como está neste momento.

My crowdsourced  interview with Dave Cohn is a bit late by many reasons, being the main one an unexpected assignment during last week. But don’t worry, Dave is waiting for the questions and he already said he is going to answer them on video, which is awesome. Now is up to me, i hope to have all the questions set up by tomorrow, and i’m counting on your opinion for some last minute suggestions.

Meanwhile, you can watch the presentation he gave at USC’s School of Journalism, and below there’s a small video where he takes us on a guided tour through  Spot.us as it is now.

First look at Spot.Us in Action

This morning I had an early video chat with the developers of spot.us. I did a video capture of the conversation, which included demonstrating the basic action of spot.us for the first time.

First look at spot.us before launch

Continue a ler ‘Entrevista|Dave Cohn|Interview: um ligeiro atraso | a slight delay’

29
Set
08

Reviewing a review on a review

Carlos Saucedo (the fellow on the video above) wrote a review on  Newstrust.net ,  and while doing so, he referred to me as a “representative from NewsTrust.net”, relying on my own post reviewing that website. And though he was innacurate, i think he raises a few good questions.

But first of all, let me clarify a thing or two: i’m not a “representative from NewsTrust.net”. The text Carlos refers to, is my own review for JournalismEnterprise.com, a project created by Paul Bradshaw. I don’t know where Carlos Saucedo got the idea i was representing NewsTrust, since we can read at the top of the post “Review: Newstrust.net – Another JE review“. But it probably slipped his attention.

But what Carlos does well is to question the principles of websites like Spinspotter.com and Newstrust.net and the ethics of journalism. His point is: why should some website proclaim that it has the best unbiased juornalism, if things should already be that way? That was the question i did when i reviewed the website. My findings? Those projects rely in the power of the crowd to pick the best articles out of the news cloud, which may not be always right, but it’s far more democratic than leaving that choice to a small bunch of people. Added to the crowd factor, i verified that the “people in charge of NewsTrust are experienced, reputable professionals, which gives extra credibility to the project.” They have journalism backgrounds, and a past of civic engagement. NewsTrust is the marriage between those two sides, to provide the best news chosen by the people, for the people. Do i think it’s an interesting idea? Yes i do. Do i believe it’s perfect? Not at all, but it’s good, and it is also a good example of how things work now in news distribution: we no longer rely in just one brand, but we also follow the recommendations of others, we go to one website to find views and news from different sources. The fragments all glued together by ourselves and the crowd, to build our own news reality, instead of the monolithic model that ran for decades.

He also questions ethics: “Has the field of journalsim changed so much that no one can be trusted anymore?  I guess we are all to assume that journalism and ethics in the same sentence is an oxymoron.” He’s being naive, of course. Or he never saw Fox or any other TV station, radio, newspaper, website pursuing a biased perspective. No, that wouldn’t happen in the United States. Journalism is powerful, because it shapes people’s perception of reality, and that is what rules people’s actions, or inertia, for that matter. Journalism is not always ethical. I’m sorry to say that out loud because it can break a few hearts, but that’s the truth. Most journalists try to do things right  though (i hope not to be the naive one now). And it has never been so powerful, because we can know in seconds about something that happened across the world, and there has never been such a great load of information. Should we leave the choice of the important news to the crowd? Well, what makes news is something that will affect the largest number of people. If the crowd doesn’t know what is important for them, who will? And if the crowd can choose from the noise, why won’t they? Maybe there aren’t many people with the proper training to be journalists. But even the “respected news organizations that have prefessional experience in journalism” must be questioned by the amateurs, because they are the destination, but no longer the end of the line of the news cycle, because now the amateurs can ask, comment, give their input back.

Unlike Carlos, I have journalistic experience. Not as much as i wanted to, but enough to recognize that this is all grey area. Carlos admits: “I have no professional or student experience in journalism whatsoever!”. And he is not the paradigm of impartiality: “As the ardent activist I was on campus, I plan to continue my enthusiasm for change into the field of journalism.  The lack of diversity in American newsrooms is a call for drastic change.” So he has his own agenda. And for what i’ve seen, Carlos has little knowledge of how things work nowadays. But now i’m just being biased.

I admire enthusiastic young journalists who believe that this job is fitted to induce a change for better in the world. Carlos is one of those, and i am too, apart from the fact i’m not as young as he is. The role of journalism is to present facts so that people can exercise their rights: the right to vote in their favorite candidate, the right to demonstrate against or for public decisions, the right to be aloof.

What i liked about the post Carlos wrote is that he is willing to pose the questions that bother him, and makes them public for the common good: “Are we so idle nowadays that we need a site to tell us what is bias and what isn’t in news?” Well, Carlos, sometimes we do, but i like the  question, because it’s thought-provocative . I wish the best for him, and i hope he keeps enthusiastic about journalism and the power it has to improve things, but i’ll leave one piece of advice: get the facts straight before publishing them, or you’ll be paying journalism a poor effort.

Alexandre Gamela, who appears to be a representative from NewsTrust.net, wrote in a blog that the online site provides “quality news feeds, news literacy tools and a trust network to help citizens make informed decisions about democracy.”
Well, isn’t that what the press is for?  Has the field of journalsim changed so much that no one can be trusted anymore?  I guess we are all to assume that journalism and ethics in the same sentence is an oxymoron.
Are we so idle nowadays that we need a site to tell us what is bias and what isn’t in news?
You would think that respected news organizations that have prefessional experience in journalism, would have the capacity to produce unbiased, high-quality reporting and not be questioned by amateurs.

Links:

26
Set
08

Links para o fim de semana | Links for the weekend

Innovation is easy

Mantra : 2, 3, 4, 10, 11

Ryan Sholin dá os seus conselhos para inovar.

Innovation is easy by Ryan Sholin.

fame

A vida de um blogger, conceito de Paul Bradshaw e desenhos de Alex Hughes.

A blogger’s life, concept by Paul Bradshaw and drawings by Alex Hughes.

Here’s some cool stuff to check out regarding video training.

Mindy McAdams attended a cool-sounding video training session at ONA. She’s sharing some tips that she learned.

  • Set up a pace that suits the story. Return to an idea again and again, instead of just putting “bookends” of narration on the front and back of a piece.
  • Use straight cuts, no transitions. Exceptions: fade in your lower-thirds, and your end credits.
  • Use a voiceover narration when it’s needed.
  • Keep it simple. “I believe that less is more,” he said.

Link para links sobre video do NewsVideographer.

Link for video links at NewsVideographer.

US: Newspapers “dropping ombudsmen left and right”

A recent special report by Editor & Publisher discussed the declining numbers of ombudsmen working for newspapers. In an effort to cut costs, many newspapers in the United States have been laying off ombudsmen.

Newspaper ombudsmen are public editors and reader representatives; they deal with readers’ concerns and feedback.

Os provedores dos leitores estão a ser despedidos. Não há leitores que os defendam?

The ombudsmen are being sacked. Won’t readers be concerned about them ?

Above all, a blogger must have a thick skin. It’s tough out there, but also fun. Among the hooligans there are clever, decent people who simply want to tell you things you didn’t know.

Michael White diz no Guardian como escrever blogs. Via Martin Stabe.

Michael White tells in the Guardian how to write blogs. Via Martin Stabe.

Anúncios de emprego no Twitter.

Job ads on Twitter.

Continue a ler ‘Links para o fim de semana | Links for the weekend’

25
Set
08

Google Labs In Quotes

O Google Labs continua a desenvolver novas ferramentas que podem mudar a forma como vamos buscar a informação. Desta vez é com o In Quotes, uma aplicação que permite comparar as citações de McCain e Obama sobre determinados assuntos, a partir de uma palavra chave.

Google Labs continue developing new tools that can change the way we gather information. this time they came up with something called In Quotes, an application that puts face to face McCain and Obama in quotes over some issues, starting from a keeyword.

Continue a ler ‘Google Labs In Quotes’

24
Set
08

Entrevista no Comunicamos.org

Uma breve nota apenas: o João Simão entrevistou-me para o Comunicamos.org. Se quiserem ler novas barbaridades da minha parte façam o favor de visitar o seguinte link, e aproveitem e explorem o resto do site, que há muita coisa boa para ver. Eu tenho é que arranjar uma foto nova….

ENTREVISTA – ALEXANDRE GAMELA

Continue a ler ‘Entrevista no Comunicamos.org’




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